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Terry L. Karl
Working Papers

Oil-Led Development: Social, Political, and Economic Consequences

Terry L. Karl
CDDRL Working Papers, 2007 January 1, 2007

Proponents of oil-led development believe that countries lucky enough to have "black gold" can base their development on this resource. They point to the potential benefits from enhanced economic growth and the creation of jobs, increased government revenues to finance poverty alleviation, the transfer of technology, the improvement of infrastructure and the encouragement of related industries. But the experience of almost all oil-exporting countries to date illustrates few of these benefits.

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Books

The Social and Political Consequences of Oil

Terry Karl
Elsevier, in "The Encyclopedia of Energy", 2005 December 31, 2005

In recent years our usage and understanding of different types of energy has grown at a tremendous rate. The editor-in-chief, Cutler Cleveland, and his international team of associate editors have brought together approximately 400 authors to produce the Encyclopedia of Energy. This highly topical reference draws together all aspects of energy, covering a wealth of areas throughout the natural, social and engineering sciences. The Encyclopedia will provide easily accessible information about all aspects of energy, written by leading international authorities.

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Books

Understanding the Resource Curse

Terry L. Karl
Open Society Institute, in "Covering Oil: A Guide to Energy and Development", 2005 December 31, 2005

In most resource-rich countries, natural wealth does not translate into prosperity for the majority of inhabitants, but instead leads to environmental and economic devastation, and hampers democratic reform.

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Working Papers

From Democracy to Democratization and Back: Before Transitions from Authoritarian Rule

Terry L. Karl
CDDRL Working Papers, 2005 December 31, 2005

The paper examines the contributions of scholars of transitions by illuminating, first, key shifts in our theoretical understanding that occurred with the publication of Transitions from Authoritarian Rule. Here it focuses on establishing different insights into the role of elections and, hence, the classification of regimes, as well as structural versus more voluntaristic interpretations of politics and, hence, the role of supposed preconditions.

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Books

The Vicious Cycle of Inequality in Latin America

Terry Karl
University of California Press, in "What Justice? Whose Justice?", 2004 December 31, 2004

The new millennium began with the triumph of democracy and markets. But for whom is life just, how so, and why? And what is being done to correct persisting injustices? Blending macro-level global and national analysis with in-depth grassroots detail, the contributors highlight roots of injustices, how they are perceived, and efforts to alleviate them.

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Books

The Nature of the Political Transition in El Salvador: Advances and Setbacks in Democratic Consolidation

Terry Karl
Woodrow Wilson Center Reports on the Americas, in "El Salvador's Democratic Transition Ten Years After the Peace Accord", 2003 December 31, 2003

The central question I want to address is: What is being constructed in El Salvador? Is it what I have elsewhere labeled a "hybrid regime?" Is it a democradura, that is, a "hard" democracy, or a dictablanda, a form of "soft" authoritarian rule? Is it, perhaps, a full-blown, consolidated democracy?

How do we characterize the nature of the Salvadoran transition?

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Journal Articles

Not on Your Vita

Terry Karl
American Political Science Association Organized Section in Comparative Politics, 2003 July 1, 2003

Caring about what is happening in the world won't get you tenure. We are a theoretical department. If you get involved in public life, make sure it is not on your vita.

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Policy Briefs

Bottom of the Barrel: Africa's Oil Boom and the Poor

Ian Gary, Terry L. Karl
Catholic Relief Services, 2003 June 1, 2003

Oil Boom: Peril or Opportunity? Sub-Saharan Africa is in the midst of an oil boom as foreign energy companies pour billions of dollars into the region for the exploration and production of petroleum. African governments, in turn, are receiving billions of dollars in revenue from this boom. Oil production on the continent is set to double by the end of the decade and the United States will soon be importing 25 percent of its petroleum from the region. Over $50 billion, the largest investment in African history, will be spent on African oil fields by the end of the decade.

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Books

Electoralism: Why Elections Are Not Democracy

Terry Karl
Congressional Quarterly Press, in "The International Encyclopedia of Elections", 2000 December 31, 2000

The first-ever encyclopedic examination of elections and electoral concepts worldwide. Written by a distinguished international team of scholars.

Elections are of fundamental importance in countries around the world, especially as democracy continues to spread. As more and more of the world's people are winning the right to select their leaders in free and competitive elections, many elections are poorly understood by the electorate, as well as by the world at large and electoral institutions vary greatly from country to country.

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Books

Crude Calculations: OPEC Lessons for Caspian Leaders

Terry Karl
Rowman and Littlefield, in "Energy and Conflict in Central Asia and the Caucasus", 2000 December 31, 2000

This timely study is the first to examine the relationship between competition for energy resources and the propensity for conflict in the Caspian region. Taking the discussion well beyond issues of pipeline politics and the significance of Caspian oil and gas to the global market, the book offers significant new findings concerning the impact of energy wealth on the political life and economies of Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, and Turkmenistan.

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Books

The Venezuelan Revolution of 1958

Terry Karl
Congressional Quarterly, in "The Encyclopedia of Political Revolutions", 2000 December 31, 2000

The Encyclopedia of Political Revolutions chronicles 2000 years of political revolutions and features approximately 300 articles providing answers to specific questions as well as in-depth treatment of events and trends. It includes descriptions of specific revolutions, important revolutionary figures, and major revolutionary themes; generous use of illustrative material; special analyses of the role of women, art, literature, and music; biographies of seminal figures; and cross references, bibliographies, and a detailed index.

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Books

The Paradox of Plenty: Oil Booms and Petro-States

Terry L. Karl
University of California Press, 1997 December 31, 1997

The Paradox of Plenty explains why, in the midst of two massive oil booms in the 1970s, oil-exporting governments as different as Venezuela, Iran, Nigeria, Algeria, and Indonesia chose common development paths and suffered similarly disappointing outcomes. Meticulously documented and theoretically innovative, this book illuminates the manifold factors--economic, political, and social--that determine the nature of the oil state, from the coherence of public bureaucracies, to the degree of centralization, to patterns of policy-making.

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Books

How Much Inequality Can Democracy Stand?

Terry Karl, Larry Diamond
International Forum for Democratic Studies, in "Constructing Democracy in Markets: Comparing Latin America and Asia", 1996 December 31, 1996

On 26-27 January 1996, the National Endowment for Democracy's International Forum for Democratic Studies and the Pacific Council on International Policy convened a one-and-a-half-day conference on democratic development and economic growth in East Asia and Latin America. The conference sought to shed light on the relationship between constructing democratic governance and building market economies in both regions.Participating in the meeting were 18 eminent scholars from Asia, Latin America, the United Kingdom, and the United States.

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Books

Modes of Transition in Latin America, Southern and Eastern Europe

Terry L. Karl
Dartmouth Press, in "Transitions to Democracy: Comparative Perspectives from Southern Europe", 1995 December 31, 1995

The phenomenon of transitions to liberal democracy has become a major concern for political scientists in recent decades. This text covers conceptual issues for regime change, theoretical and comparative interpretations of transition and authoritarian collapse, national case-studies of transition (divided into three area studies), the international context of transition, the move towards democratic consolidation, and the future of democratic transition studies.

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Books

Democracy in Central America; Rómulo Betancourt; Oscar Arias; Democracy in Venezuela

Terry Karl
Congressional Quarterly Press, in "The Concise Encyclopedia of Democracy", 1995 December 31, 1995

Designed specifically for students and other readers near to the subject, this new single-volume version of the award-winning Encyclopedia of Democracy features more than 300 entries covering democratic concepts, countries, and individuals.

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Books

The Limits to Competition

Terry Karl, The Group of Lisbon
The MIT Press, 1995 December 31, 1995

How can Europe, the United States, and Japan stop the technological, trade, and financial war on which they have increasingly and wastefully embarked? How can they direct the development and uses of science and technology and the economy in the interests of the well-being of the 8 billion people who will inhabit the planet in 2010-2020? Limits to Competition boldly frames international political economy and globalization debates within the new overarching ideology of competition and offers a balancing voice.

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Books

What Kinds of Democracies Are Emerging in South America, Central America, Southern Europe and Eastern Europe?

Terry Karl
IEWSS in "Bound to Change: Consolidating Democracy in Central Europe", 1992 September 1, 1992
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Journal Articles

El Salvador's Negotiated Revolution

Terry Karl
Foreign Affairs, 1992 April 1, 1992

The war in El Salvador is over. On January 16, 1992, in Mexico Citys ornate Chapultepec Castle the government of President Alfredo Cristiani and the rebel Farabundo Martí National Liberation Front (FMLN) formally signed a comprehensive peace treaty, putting an end to 12 years of conflict.

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Books

Dilemmas of Democratization in Latin America

Terry Karl
Harper Collins in "Comparative Political Dynamics: Global Research Perspectives", 1991 December 31, 1991
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Books

What Democracy Is... And Is Not

Terry Karl
Johns Hopkins University Press, in "The Global Resurgence of Democracy", 1991 December 31, 1991

In its first edition, The Global Resurgence of Democracy brought together essays on democratization written from 1989 to 1991 by internationally prominent scholars, intellectuals, and political leaders. This thoroughly revised and updated second edition extends that work with a wealth of fresh material on a wide range of conceptual, historical, institutional, and policy issues.

"A useful compilation popularizing the work of an influential journal . . . The Journal of Democracy is an effective tribune for mainstream U.S. thinking on these issues." - Political Studies

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