International Relations

FSI researchers strive to understand how countries relate to one another, and what policies are needed to achieve global stability and prosperity. International relations experts focus on the challenging U.S.-Russian relationship, the alliance between the U.S. and Japan and the limitations of America’s counterinsurgency strategy in Afghanistan.

Foreign aid is also examined by scholars trying to understand whether money earmarked for health improvements reaches those who need it most. And FSI’s Walter H. Shorenstein Asia-Pacific Research Center has published on the need for strong South Korean leadership in dealing with its northern neighbor.

FSI researchers also look at the citizens who drive international relations, studying the effects of migration and how borders shape people’s lives. Meanwhile FSI students are very much involved in this area, working with the United Nations in Ethiopia to rethink refugee communities.

Trade is also a key component of international relations, with FSI approaching the topic from a slew of angles and states. The economy of trade is rife for study, with an APARC event on the implications of more open trade policies in Japan, and FSI researchers making sense of who would benefit from a free trade zone between the European Union and the United States.

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Please note: the start time for this event has been moved from 3:00 to 3:15pm.

Join FSI Director Michael McFaul in conversation with Richard Stengel, Under Secretary of State for Public Diplomacy and Public Affairs. They will address the role of entrepreneurship in creating stable, prosperous societies around the world.

Richard Stengel Undersecretary of State for Public Diplomacy and Public Affairs Special Guest United States Department of State

Encina Hall
616 Jane Stanford Way
Stanford, CA 94305-6055

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Director, Freeman Spogli Institute for International Studies
Ken Olivier and Angela Nomellini Professor of International Studies, Department of Political Science
Peter and Helen Bing Senior Fellow, Hoover Institution
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PhD

Michael McFaul is Director at the Freeman Spogli Institute for International Studies, the Ken Olivier and Angela Nomellini Professor of International Studies in the Department of Political Science, and the Peter and Helen Bing Senior Fellow at the Hoover Institution. He joined the Stanford faculty in 1995.

Dr. McFaul also is as an International Affairs Analyst for NBC News and a columnist for The Washington Post. He served for five years in the Obama administration, first as Special Assistant to the President and Senior Director for Russian and Eurasian Affairs at the National Security Council at the White House (2009-2012), and then as U.S. Ambassador to the Russian Federation (2012-2014).

He has authored several books, most recently the New York Times bestseller From Cold War to Hot Peace: An American Ambassador in Putin’s Russia. Earlier books include Advancing Democracy Abroad: Why We Should, How We Can; Transitions To Democracy: A Comparative Perspective (eds. with Kathryn Stoner); Power and Purpose: American Policy toward Russia after the Cold War (with James Goldgeier); and Russia’s Unfinished Revolution: Political Change from Gorbachev to Putin.

His current research interests include American foreign policy, great power relations, and the relationship between democracy and development. Dr. McFaul was born and raised in Montana. He received his B.A. in International Relations and Slavic Languages and his M.A. in Soviet and East European Studies from Stanford University in 1986. As a Rhodes Scholar, he completed his D. Phil. in International Relations at Oxford University in 1991. He is currently writing a book on great power relations in the 21st century.

 

 

CV
Moderator
Panel Discussions
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David Patel seminar

Najaf in Iraq and Qom in Iran – the two preeminent centers of Twelver Shi‘ite legal education and learning in the world – are typically described as being in competition with one another for ideological influence and to host the most widely followed ayatollahs.

This talk offers a different interpretation of Shi‘ite religious authority. The relationship between Najaf and Qom is analyzed as a duopoly, a market structure in which two interdependent firms dominate. These seminaries compete to prevent either from monopolizing Shi‘ite religious authority. But they also collude to 1) protect their market share by preventing the emergence of rival centers, and 2) preserve Shi‘ite clerics’ exclusive authority to extract religious rents from believers by suppressing doctrinal and popular movements that might challenge the Usuli school that dominates Twelver Shi‘ism today. This collusive behavior in the religious marketplace stifles innovation and explains why no Shi‘ite version of salafism has developed.

This talk is hosted in partnership with CDDRL's Program on Arab Reform and Democracy.

ABOUT THE SPEAKER


David Siddhartha Patel is a senior fellow at the Crown Center for Middle East Studies at Brandeis University. His research focuses on religious authority, social order, identity, and state-building in the contemporary Middle East. His first book, Order Out of Chaos: Islam, Information, and the Rise and Fall of Social Orders in Iraq (Cornell University Press), examines the role of mosques and clerical networks in generating order after state collapse and is based upon independent field research he conducted in Basra. Patel’s second book project, Defunct States of the Middle East, chronicles the more than two dozen territorial polities that disappeared from the map of the region after 1918: how they came to be, how they died, and how they are remembered today. Patel has also published articles or chapters on the Jordanian Muslim Brotherhood; ISIS; Iraqi politics; and the transnational spread of protests during the Arab Uprisings. Before joining the Crown Center, Patel was an assistant professor of government at Cornell University. Patel holds a BA in economics and political science from Duke University and a PhD in political science from Stanford University.

Virtual to Public. Only those with an active Stanford ID with access to E008 in Encina Hall may attend in person.

Hesham Sallam
Hesham Sallam

Virtual to Public. Only those with an active Stanford ID with access to E008 in Encina Hall may attend in person.

David Patel
Seminars
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Nora Fisher-Onar seminar

Nora Fisher-Onar will present an original and timely key to (Turkey’s) politics as driven not by any perineal conflict between “Islamist vs. secularist,” “Turk vs. Kurd,” or “Sunni vs. Alevi.” Rather, she argues, the driving force of political contestation is shifting coalitions of moderates across camps who seek to pluralize public life, versus coalitions of those who champion ethno- and ethno-religious nationalism. Using the key to retell Turkey’s political history from the late Ottoman empire through to the present, she concludes with insights for coalition dynamics today. The talk emanates from her book, Contesting Pluralism(s): Islam, Liberalism, and Nationalism in Turkey and Beyond (Cambridge University Press, forthcoming).

This talk is hosted in partnership with CDDRL's Program on Turkey.

ABOUT THE SPEAKER


Nora Fisher-Onar is Associate Professor and Director of the Masters of Arts in International Studies at the University of San Francisco, as well as coordinator of Middle East Studies. Her research interests include IR and social theory, comparative politics (Turkey, Middle East, Europe), foreign policy analysis, political ideologies, gender, and history/memory.

She received a doctorate in IR from Oxford and holds master's and undergraduate degrees in international affairs from Johns Hopkins (SAIS) and Georgetown universities, respectively.

Fisher-Onar is the lead editor of the volume, Istanbul: Living With Difference in a Global City (Rutgers University Press, 2018) and author of Contesting Pluralism(s): Islam, Liberalism and Nationalism in Turkey (Cambridge University Press, forthcoming).

She has published extensively in academic journals like the Journal of Common Market Studies (JCMS), Conflict and Cooperation, Global Studies Quarterly, Millennium, Theory and Society, Women’s Studies International Forum, and Turkish Studies.

Fisher-Onar also contributes policy commentary to platforms like the Washington Post, Foreign Affairs, the Guardian, and OpenDemocracy, and fora like Brookings, Carnegie, and the German Marshall Fund (GMF). At the GMF, she has served as a Ronald Asmus Fellow, a Transatlantic Academy Fellow, and a Non-Residential Fellow.

Virtual to Public. Only those with an active Stanford ID with access to E008 in Encina Hall may attend in person.

Ayça Alemdaroğlu
Ayça Alemdaroğlu

Virtual to Public. Only those with an active Stanford ID with access to E008 in Encina Hall may attend in person.

Nora Fisher-Onar
Seminars
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Peter Henry seminar

In 1985, James A. Baker III's “Program for Sustained Growth” proposed a set of economic policy reforms, including inflation stabilization, trade liberalization, greater openness to foreign investment, and privatization, that he believed would lead to faster growth in countries then known as the Third World, but now categorized as emerging and developing economies (EMDEs).

A country-specific, time-series assessment of the reform process reveals three clear facts. First, in the 10-year-period after stabilizing high inflation, the average growth rate of real GDP in EMDEs is 2.6 percentage points higher than in the prior ten-year period. Second, the corresponding growth increase for trade liberalization episodes is 2.66 percentage points. Third, in the decade after opening their capital markets to foreign equity investment, the spread between EMDEs average cost of equity capital and that of the US declines by 240 basis points. The three central facts of reform provide empirical support for the Baker Hypothesis.

ABOUT THE SPEAKER


Peter Blair Henry is the Class of 1984 Senior Fellow at Stanford University’s Hoover Institution, a senior fellow at Stanford’s Freeman Spogli Institute for International Studies, and dean emeritus of New York University’s Leonard N. Stern School of Business. The youngest person ever named to the Stern Deanship, Henry has authored numerous peer-reviewed articles in the flagship journals of economics and finance, as well as a book on global economic policy, Turnaround: Third World Lessons for First World Growth (Basic Books).

Virtual to Public. Only those with an active Stanford ID with access to E008 in Encina Hall may attend in person.

Didi Kuo
Didi Kuo

Virtual to Public. Only those with an active Stanford ID with access to E008 in Encina Hall may attend in person.

Encina Hall
616 Jane Stanford Way
Stanford, CA 94305-6055

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Peter Blair Henry is the Class of 1984 Senior Fellow at Stanford University’s Hoover Institution, Senior Fellow at Stanford’s Freeman Spogli Institute for International Studies (FSI), and Dean Emeritus of New York University’s Leonard N. Stern School of Business. The youngest person ever named to the Stern Deanship, Peter served as Dean from January 2010 through December 2017 and doubled the school’s average annual fundraising. Formerly the Konosuke Matsushita Professor of International Economics at Stanford University’s Graduate School of Business, from 2001–2006 Peter’s research was funded by an NSF CAREER Award, and he has authored numerous peer-reviewed articles in the flagship journals of economics and finance, as well as a book on global economic policy, Turnaround: Third World Lessons for First World Growth (Basic Books).

A Vice Chair of the Boards of the National Bureau of Economic Research and the Economic Club of New York, Peter also serves on the Boards of Citigroup and Nike. In 2015, he received the Foreign Policy Association Medal, the highest honor bestowed by the organization, and in 2016 he was honored as one of the Carnegie Foundation’s Great Immigrants.

With financial support from the Hoover Institution and the Alfred P. Sloan Foundation, Peter leads the Ph.D. Excellence Initiative (PhDEI), a post-baccalaureate program designed to address underrepresentation in economics by mentoring exceptional students of color interested in pursuing doctoral studies in the field. For his leadership of the PhDEI, Peter received the 2022 Impactful Mentoring Award from the American Economic Association. Peter received his PhD in economics from MIT and Bachelor’s degrees from Oxford University, where he was a Rhodes Scholar, and the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, where he was a Morehead-Cain Scholar, a member of Phi Beta Kappa, a reserve wide receiver on the football team, and a finalist in the 1991 campus-wide slam dunk competition.

Born in Kingston, Jamaica, in 1969, Peter became a U.S. citizen in 1986. He lives in Stanford and Düsseldorf with his wife and four sons.

Class of 1984 Senior Fellow, Hoover Institution
Senior Fellow, Freeman Spogli Institute for International Studies
Dean Emeritus, New York University’s Leonard N. Stern School of Business
Peter Blair Henry
Seminars
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Amichai Magen seminar

On April 26, 2023, Israel will mark its 75th birthday as a modern independent state. It is a bittersweet anniversary.

On the one hand, Israelis can (and do) look back at 75 years of remarkable socio-economic, technological, diplomatic, and political development achieved under conditions of extreme adversity. On the other hand, Israel is currently experiencing its worst constitutional crisis and is facing a number of internal and external challenges that threaten to unravel its political order, divide its people, distance it from its closest allies, empower its adversaries, and undermine its national security.

The occasion of this significant anniversary provides a unique opportunity to discuss the past, present, and possible futures of Israeli democracy.

ABOUT THE SPEAKER


Amichai Magen is a visiting Associate Professor and visiting fellow in Israel Studies at Stanford University. In Israel he serves as the head of the MA Program in Diplomacy & Conflict Studies, and Director of the Program on Democratic Resilience and Development (PDRD) at the Lauder School of Government, Diplomacy and Strategy, Reichman University, Herzliya. Magen’s research and teaching interests include Democracy, the Rule of Law, Liberal Orders, and Political Violence.

Amichai Magen received the Yitzhak Rabin Fulbright Award (2003), served as a pre-doctoral fellow at the Center on Democracy, Development, and the Rule of Law (CDDRL), Stanford University, and was the first Israeli to be awarded the prestigious National Fellow Award at the Hoover Institution (2008). In 2016 he was named Richard von Weizsäcker Fellow of the Robert Bosch Academy, an award that recognizes outstanding thought-leaders around the world. Between 2018 and 2022, he was Principal Investigator in two European Union Horizon 2020 research consortia, EU-LISTCO and RECONNECT.

Amichai Magen is a Board Member of the International Coalition for Democratic Renewal (ICDR), the Israel Council on Foreign Relations (ICFR), the Israeli Association for the Study of European Integration (IASEI), and the Institute for Political Studies at the Catholic University of Lisbon, Portugal. He also serves on the Editorial Board of the Israel Journal of Foreign Affairs (IJFA), published quarterly by Taylor & Francis.

Virtual to Public. Only those with an active Stanford ID with access to E008 in Encina Hall may attend in person.

Didi Kuo
Didi Kuo

Virtual to Public. Only those with an active Stanford ID with access to E008 in Encina Hall may attend in person.

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Visiting Fellow in Israel Studies, FSI
W. Glenn Campbell National Fellow, Hoover Institution (2008-2009)
CDDRL Affiliated Scholar, 2008-2009
CDDRL Predoctoral Fellow, 2004-2008
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Amichai Magen is a Senior Lecturer (US Associate Professor), Head of the MA Program in Diplomacy & Conflict Studies, and Director of the Program on Democratic Resilience and Development (PDRD) at the Lauder School of Government, Diplomacy and Strategy, Reichman University. His research and teaching interests address democracy, the rule of law, liberal orders, risk and political violence.

Magen received the Yitzhak Rabin Fulbright Award (2003), served as a pre-doctoral fellow at the Center on Democracy, Development, and the Rule of Law (CDDRL), and was a National Fellow at the Hoover Institution. In 2016 he was named Richard von Weizsäcker Fellow of the Robert Bosch Academy, an award that recognizes outstanding thought-leaders around the world. Between 2018 and 2022 he was Principal Investigator in two European Union Horizon 2020 research consortia, EU-LISTCO and RECONNECT. Amichai Magen served on the Executive Committee of the World Jewish Congress (WJC) and is a Board Member of the Israel Council on Foreign Relations (ICFR) and the International Coalition for Democratic Renewal (ICDR). In 2023 he will join the Freeman Spogli Institute as its inaugural Visiting Fellow in Israel Studies.

Amichai Magen
Seminars

Encina Hall, C125H
616 Jane Stanford Way
Stanford, CA 94305-6055

650.721.3009
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Kateryna Tyminska is a former Ukrainian diplomat with wide experience in international affairs. She obtained her B.A. and M.A. degrees in International Relations and her Ph.D. Degree in Political Science from Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv (Ukraine).

In 2008, Kateryna became the first Ukrainian legislative fellow to participate in the US Government-sponsored Legislative Education and Practice Program, serving with the Office of the Senate President of the Maine State Legislature. She also volunteered at Bangor Office for US Congressman Mike Michaud (D-ME). Upon finishing her fellowship, Kateryna wrote a book on US Federalism and presented it to Georgian, Russian, Turkish and Ukrainian local and state administrations, governmental agencies, and ministries. That legislative background was applied during Kateryna’s work as Legislative Fellows Program coordinator at American Councils for International Education in Kyiv, Ukraine and Washington, DC, USA.

For almost 10 years, Kateryna worked (part-time) as a Program Facilitator for the Open World Leadership Program under the US Library of Congress on professional exchange programs in the field of rule of law, human rights, and state and local legislatures.

From 2013-2016, Kateryna worked as Political Affairs Officer at Ukraine’s Foreign Ministry and served as an OSCE Task Force member. She contributed to the establishment of a platform monitoring the human rights situation in Russia’s occupied territories in Ukraine – the Crimean peninsula and Donbas.

From 2016-2020 she served as Press and Cultural Affairs Officer at the Embassy of Ukraine in Sweden. During that period, she also served for three years as elected Chairwoman of the Association of Diplomats in Stockholm.

In 2018 she was a Country rapporteur at the Swedish High-Level Conference on ‘Women.Peace.Security’ under the auspices of the Supreme Commander of the Swedish Armed Forces, Gen. Mikael Byden.

In 2020-2021 she received the Viktor Frankl academic fellowship at Paideia - The European Institute for Jewish Studies in Europe (Stockholm, Sweden) and fostered international dialogue on combatting religious intolerance and hate crimes.

Kateryna’s international exchange experience includes studies at Wroclaw Institute of International Relations and Torun Mikolaj Kopiernik Institute of International Relations (both in Poland), as well as training programs with the OSCE Summer Academy in Stadtschlaining (Austria), Strategic Communications in Tallinn (Estonia) and Berlin (Germany), and a Senior Policy Advisor Course at the Swedish Defence University in Stockholm (Sweden).

In addition to being a native speaker of Ukrainian, she is fluent in English, Polish, Russian, Spanish, and Swedish, with intermediate command of Hebrew and Italian and basic levels of French and Turkish.

Israel Studies Program Manager, FSI
Authors
Gheed El Bizri
News Type
News
Date
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The Program on Arab Reform and Democracy (ARD) at CDDRL is pleased to announce the release of the February-April 2022 issue of Mofeed Digest, a periodic recap of the most important scholarly and policy publications, reports, and articles investigating the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the politics, economies, and societies of the Arab world.

Mofeed Digest is a feature of the Mofeed Project, an initiative that builds foundational resources for understanding how the politics and societies of the Arab world have adapted in light of the pandemic. The Mofeed Project is supported in part by the Open Society Foundation.

Follow Mofeed-19 on Social Media

Mofeed Digest (Feb-April 2020)

The following digest summarizes the most important scholarly and policy publications, reports, and articles covering the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the politics, economies, and societies of the Arab world. This issue of the Mofeed Digest was produced by Gheed El Bizri.

[MENA | Algeria| Bahrain| Comoros| DjiboutiEgyptIraq| Jordan| KuwaitLebanon| LibyaMauritania| Morocco| OmanPalestine| Qatar| Saudi ArabiaSomalia| Sudan| SyriaTunisia| UAE| Yemen]

 

MENA

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Compliance and Stringency Measures in Response to COVID-19: A Regional Study
Journal of Behavioral Economics for Policy, Date Unspecified
This study looked at the policy response and COVID-19 daily case progression of 13 MENA countries to assess the effectiveness of stringency measures in managing the spread of the virus.

Economics in the Time of COVID-19
Centre for Economic Policy Research, Date Unspecified
This article examines the channels through which COVID-19 may affect the Middle East and North Africa, including oil prices, value chains, and tourism and travel.

The Coronavirus: Potential Effects on the Middle East and North Africa
Economic Research Forum, 10 March 2020
This article explains the negative impact of COVID-19 in the MENA region with regard to infections and effects on oil prices, value chains, and tourism.

Brookings Experts on the Implications of COVID-19 for the Middle East and North Africa
Brookings Institution, 26 March 2020
This OP-ED reports on macroeconomic instability and economic disruption caused by the COVID-19 pandemic. It also discusses the ways in which the virus can be a conflict-multiplier across the region.

COVID-19 in the Middle East and North Africa: Reactions, Vulnerabilities, Prospects
GIGA Focus, April 2020
This article details the various responses to the coronavirus in the MENA region and the political implications.

The Securitization of the Coronavirus Crisis in the Middle East
Project on Middle East Political Science, April 2020
This working paper assesses the framing of the pandemic through the lens of the securitization theory. It discusses the application of that theory through the responses of certain countries in the Middle East.

Economic Consequences of COVID-19 in the Middle East: Implications for U.S. National Security
The Rand Corporation, 1 April 2020
This article assesses the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the economies in the Middle East that may be particularly affected by the fall in oil prices. It also explains what that impact means for the United States as it tries to maintain its influence in the region.

The Impact of Covid-19 on the Middle East and North Africa
Jerusalem Center for Public Affairs, 16 April 2020
This article reports on the responses of different MENA states to the COVID-19 outbreak.

COVID in the Maghreb: Responses and Impacts 
Project on Middle East Political Science, 21 April 2020
This working paper analyzes the impact of the pandemic on Maghreb countries’ economic performance and political situation as well as offer predictions on how that impact will change over time. 

Algeria

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Analysis of Social Resilience to the Novel Coronavirus (COVID-19) in Algeria
Geomatics, Landmanagement and Landscape, Date Unspecified
This paper is a study that aims to understand and overcome the peculiarity of the novel Coronavirus (Covid-19) in Algeria.

COVID-19 Epidemic in Algeria: Assessment of the Implemented Preventive Strategy
medRxiv, April 2020
This article studies the effects of COVID-19 mitigation measures in Algeria.

Bahrain

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How Bahrain is Leading from the Front on Coronavirus Containment
The National, 30 March 2020
This article evaluates the Bahraini state’s response to the pandemic. It touches upon the massive contact-tracing operation, the quick provision of isolation wards, the online learning system, the availability of human and capital resources, and the ways of addressing misinformation.

The Kingdom of Bahrain and COVID-19: Bahrain's Reaction to the Global Pandemic
CharlesRussel Speechlys, 7 April 2020
This articles outlines decisions that Bahrin’s government implemented to limit the spread of COVID-19 and to stabilize the economy.

Comoros

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IMF Executive Board Approves US$12 Million in Emergency Assistance to the Union of the Comoros to Address the COVID-19 Pandemic
International Monetary Fund, 22 April 2022
This article reports on the IMF's emergency assistance to Comoros to help it meet the urgent balance of payment needs stemming from the COVID-19 pandemic, help catalyze development partner support, and address imminent health system needs.

Djibouti

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Republic of Djibouti: COVID-19 Situation Report #3
United Nations Djibouti, 9 April 2020
This situation report provides an overview on Djibouti's coronavirus situation assesses the preparedness and response of multiple sectors.

Djibouti's Economic Update — April 2020
The World Bank, 16 April 2022
This article provides an update on the negative impact of the restriction measures taken by Djibouti's government after the COVID-19 outbreak on its economy.

Egypt

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The Early Impact of COVID-19 on Tourism Industry: Assessment of Egyptian Tourism Supply Chain
Operations and Supply Chain Management, Date Unspecified
This paper discusses the effect of COVID-19 on tourism industry in general and on Egypt in particular by investigating the circumstances of different tourism sectors affected by the pandemic, discussing the major impacts, behaviors and experiences of COVID-19 on selected tourism supply chain members in Egypt and providing a rapid assessment of the reported procedures of the three major tourism stakeholders in Egyptian tourism. Finally, this paper summarizes the early resilient practices to the tourism industry in over 2020 and beyond.

What Boes COVID-19 Mean for Egypt's Economy
Middle East Institute, 26 March 2020
This article reports on the signs of improvement in the Egyptian economy, serious challenges, and need for government action based on previous research and reports done by various sources.

Impacts of COVID-19 Pandemic on Egypt’s Economy
American Chamber of Commerce in Egypt, 31 March 2020
This research note studies monetary policies and macroeconomic impacts of COVID-19 in Egypt based on insights from AmCham Egypt's 23 sector-based committees as well as public statements by the Central Bank of Egypt, Ministry of Finance, and other Cabinet-level and government agencies.

Impact of COVID-19 on the Manufacturing Sector in Egypt
United Nations Industrial Development Organization, April 2020
This briefing note examines the impact of COVID-19 on the manufacturing industry, as well as policy recommendations and UN initiatives to alleviate the impact of COVID-19 in Egypt.

The Effect of Temperature Upon Transmission of COVID-19: Australia and Egypt Case Study.
SSRN, April 2020
This working paper is based on previous studies on the relationship between climate and the spread of germs and viruses. Australia and Egypt are models to confirm the relationship between temperature and coronavirus activity and spread. The paper aims to test that result in reality through maps of the monthly temperature average during the period from March to November 2020, through study of the case of Australia and Egypt.

Economic Impact of COVID-19 on Tourism and Remittances: Insights from Egypt
International Food Policy Research, 1 April 2020
This article assesses the pandemic's economic impacts for Egypt. Household income, especially for the poor, will be hard-hit, linked to disruptions in tourism and declining remittances. The team provides initial policy insights for support to households and businesses.

In-Depth Look at Egypt’s Economic Sectors amid COVID-19 Outbreak
Egypt Today, 4 April 2020
This article provides a detailed look into each economic sector impacted by the COVID-19 pandemic. It also reports on the economic measures and plans implemented by Egypt's government.

The COVID-19 Crisis in Egypt
OECD, 20 April 2020
This OECD update provides statistical evidence for the economic impact, policy reactions, and gender-based disparities due to the pandemic in Egypt.

Iraq

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Impact of Covid-19 Pandemic on Surgical Practice in Kurdistan, Iraq: An Online Cross-Sectional Survey
International Journal of Surgery Open, Date Unspecified
This article evaluates the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on surgeons' practices in Iraqi Kurdistan.

Coronavirus Damages Iraqi Economy with Fall in Tourism, Oil Prices
Al-Monitor, 9 March 2020
This article reports on the ways in which COVID-19 harms both the private and public sectors of the Iraqi economy.

COVID-19 in Iraq: The Virus of Social Inequality
OpenDemocracy, 1 April 2020
This article studies the ways in which COVID-19 has aggravated social inequality. It also assesses the role of solidarity amid the outbreak.

COVID 19: Assessing Vulnerabilities and Impacts on Iraq
Chatham House, 7 April 2020
This article is an analysis of the impact of the COVID-19 outbreak in Iraq, a country already in turmoil, facing a myriad of vulnerabilities due to corruption and a lack of governance.

Market Review: "Iraq, Oil Prices, and the Coronavirus"
Iraq-business news, 7 April 2020
This article reports on the global crash in oil prices and its impact on a crisis-stricken Iraq, recently hit by the COVID-19 outbreak.

COVID-19 Response in Iraq: ‘Our Domestic Violence Hotlines Keep Ringing
Cordaid, 21 April 2020
This article explains Cordaid's response to the rise of domestic violence following the outbreak of COVID-19 in Iraq and the measures taken to reach out to those affected and raise awareness about healthcare program.

Fighting COVID-19 Deepens Iraq’s Humanitarian Crisis
UNICEF, 22 April 2020
This article is an essay detailing the pre-existing humanitarian crisis in Iraq and the ways in which it worsened by COVID-19.

Jordan

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Resilience and Decent Work Can Mitigate the Impact of COVID-19 on Jordan’s Labour Market
International Labor Organization, 26 March 2020
This article provides an assessment to better understand the scope of the COVID-19 challenge in Jordan as well as some of the pressing issues confronting workers. 

Rapid Assessment of the Impact of COVID-19 on Vulnerable Women in Jordan
UN Women, April 2020
The report reviews the impact of the COVID-19 crisis on beneficiaries of UN Women Oasis centers in camp and non-camp settings. The assessment includes questions related to the economic situation; health concerns; safety and access to health services; violence against women; the roles of men and women within the household; and access to education.

Refugees at Risk in Jordan’s Response to COVID-19
Middle East Research and Information Project, 9 April 2020
This article reports on the impact of COVID-19 (including containment measures and pre-existing living conditions) on refugees in Jordan as well as Jordan's responses (international aid and funds from ongoing programs.)

Impact of Covid-19 on Vulnerable Populations in Jordan Urban Areas and Azraq
CARE International, 29 April 2020
This rapid needs assessment reports on the impact of both COVID19 and the containment measures and restrictions implemented by the Government of Jordan on CARE  Jordan’s beneficiaries, which include the elderly, pregnant and lactating women, people with disabilities (PwDs), and households with serious health risks and needs.

Kuwait

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COVID-19 Stressors on Migrant Workers in Kuwait: Cumulative Risk Considerations
BMJ Global Health, Date Unspecified
This article reports on the condition of migrant workers after being exposed to additional stressors of the virus and related responses. It provides a comprehensive qualitative cumulative risk assessment framework for migrant workers living in Kuwait.

Kuwait Props up Coronavirus-Hit Economy amid Low Oil Prices
Reuters, 31 March 2020
This article reports on the measures taken by Kuwait to deal with the effects of COVID-19 on the economy amid low oil prices.

UNDP Kuwait Response to Covid-19
UNDP, 28 April 2020
This article details UNDP's plan to tackle the implications of COVID-19 on national development, migrant workers, and gender-related dimensions.

Lebanon

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Lebanon’s Economy and Industry Suffer under Coronavirus Impact
Executive Magazine, 23 March 2020
This article reports on the impact of the pandemic on the pre-existing economic crisis in Lebanon.

Lebanon: COVID-19 Worsens Medical Supply Crisis
Human Rights Watch, 24 March 2020
This article studies the scarcity of medical supplies necessary to deal with the COVID-19 outbreak.

Covid-19 Impact: What we know so far - Lebanon
International Planned Parenthood Federation, 31 March 2020
In this interview, Lina Sabra, the Executive Director of the Lebanese Association for Family Health (SALAMA), discusses the impact of COVID-19 on Lebanon.

COVID19: Impact on Lebanese Economy
International Journal of Science and Research, April 2020
This report analyzes the COVID-19 rise in Lebanon as well as the prevalent economic crises, response to COVID-19, expected economic impacts to the largest sectors of Lebanon and the choices which the government faces.

Lebanon: Refugees at Risk in Covid-19 Response
Human Rights Watch, 2 April 2020
This article evaluates the coercive environment and discriminatory policies implemented by Lebanese municipalities as part of their efforts to combat Covid-19, undermining the country’s public health response. It also highlights the responsibility the government has for refugee healthcare and obligations to protect the right to health.

The Impact of COVID-19 on Gender Equality in the Arab Region
United Nations, 6 April 2020
This report discusses proposals set forth by the Economic and Social Commission for Western Asia (ESCWA) and partner United Nations agencies for policies and programs to mitigate the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on women.

The Consequences of the Coronavirus in Lebanon
Arab America, 8 April 2020
This article reports on the government's response to the spread of the virus, the changes in Lebanese people's lifestyles and the impact of COVID-19 on refugees.

Impact of COVID-19 on Migrant Workers in Lebanon and What Employers Can Do about it
International Labour Organization, 15 April 2020
This report provides a summary of the particular vulnerability of migrant workers during the COVID-19 health emergency, with a focus on migrant domestic workers.

The Impact of the Coronavirus Pandemic on the Management of Cancer Patients in Lebanon: A Single Institutional Experience
Future Medecine, 23 April 2020
This article reports on the impact of COVID-19 on the management of cancer patients in Lebanon.  Through an institutional experience and specific practices, this article reports on cancer patients' behavior towards COVID-19 amidst a weakened healthcare system in Lebanon.

Impact of COVID-19 on Mental Healthcare of Older Adults: Insights from Lebanon (Middle East)
International Psychogeriatrics, 24 April 2020
This article reports on the local challenges to geropsychiatry practice in Lebanon after the pandemic and current solutions as cited in previous studies and research papers.

Libya

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Gender-Sensitive Prevention, Response and Management of COVID-19 Outbreak in Libya
UN Women, 20 March 2020
This article reports on the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on women based on  a survey examining the most significant health, social, and economic challenges facing women due to the emergence of the disease in Libya.

Libya: Detainees at Risk of Coronavirus Spread
Human Rights Watch, 29 March 2020
This article details the impact of the coronavirus spread on detainees in Libya as well as measures proposed by the UN to mitigate these effects.

The Impact of Coronavirus and the Continuing War on Tripoli and Western Libya
The Middle East Directions Programme, 16 April 2020
This article reports on the ways in which the COVID-19 pandemic exacerbates the crisis in Tripoli and the western parts of Libya and destabilizes the economy. It also assesses a number of measures adopted by central and local authorities.

Libya: Historic Discrimination Threatens Right to Health of Minorities in the South amid COVID-19
Amnesty International, 20 April 2020
This article reports on the impact of the spread of COVID-19 on Libya's public health system, undermined by years of armed conflict and insecurity including attacks on medical facilities.

Impact of COVID-19 Restrictive Measures on Health Sector
World Health Organization, 23 April 2020
This article assesses COVID-19 restrictive measures on the health sector in Libya, taking into consideration the scale and urgency of the situation and the capacity of the health system.

Intensifying Shelling and COVID-19 Pandemic Creates ‘Perfect Storm’ in Libya
United Nations, 23 April 2020
This article reports on warnings issued by UN officials about a devastating impact of the coronavirus on people in Libya.

Libya: COVID-19 - Situation Report
United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs, 27 April 2020
This situation report assesses the COVID-19 situation in Libya and its impact on health services in different regions.

Mauritania 

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Mauritania: Facing the Pandemic of COVID-19
ITUC Africa, 13 March 2020
This article reports on Mauritania's response to the pandemic, its restriction measures, as well as socio-economic incentives to cope with the pandemic's effects.

UNDP Mauritania
UNDP, 4 April 2020
This article provides a situational analysis of Mauritania during COVID-19 pandemic and details the prolonged response of the UNDP to cope with the implications of the pandemic. 

Morocco 

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Can Morocco Effectively Handle the COVID-19 Crisis? 
Chatham House, 6 April 2020 
This article discusses Morocco’s efforts to mitigate the public health and economic impacts of COVID-19.  

COVID-19: Living Through a Pandemic in Morocco
Barcelona Institute for Global Health, 15 April 2020 
This article assesses the economic and social measures the Moroccan government adopted to tackle the problems posed by the pandemic.   

Coronavirus in Morocco Opens Possibilities for New Social Contracts
Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, 23 April 2020 
This article examines on measures taken by the Moroccan government to tackle the multilayered challenges of the pandemic with a focus on the unsustainability of certain policies aggravating social precarity. 

Coronavirus in Morocco: Economic and Social Implications 
Washington Institute for Near East Policy, 23 April 2020 
This article analyzes the economic and social challenges the COVID-19 outbreak posed to Morocco, as well as the government’s responses to these challenges.

Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID‐19): Morocco Interrupting the Transmission by Ethics, Logistics, and Therapeutics Efforts 
Journal of Clinical and Experimental Investigations, 28 April 2020 
This article examines the impact of the ongoing pandemic of COVID-19 in Morocco. It demonstrates that the various measures adopted by Morocco can be a suitable model for other developing countries.

Oman

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Oman Approves Coronavirus Mitigation Measures
Arab News, 20 March 2020
This article reports on the set of measures taken by Oman to cope with the impact of coronavirus and a sharp decline in global oil prices.  

The Central Bank of Oman’s Response to COVID-19
CMS, 24 March 2020
This article summarizes some of the key COVID-19-related measures announced by the Omani government and how it might assist in providing much needed support to Omani businesses.

COVID-19 Outbreak in Oman: Model-Driven Impact Analysis and Challenges
MedRxiv, 31 March 2020
This paper provides a focused analysis of the COVID-19 situation and explains discrepancies between real cases and cases predicted by the simulation.

The Socio-economic Impact of the COVID-19 Outbreak on Omani Women
UNFPA GCC, April 2020
This is a comprehensive needs-driven and women-centered study to analyze the current and potential impact of the pandemic on Omani women, and creating a linkage between these impacts and the related indicators of the sustainable development goals. Furthermore, the study, which is part of the Oman’s United Nations Country Team (UNCT) response plan, provided insights into the current challenges facing female entrepreneurs in the country, women working in the healthcare sector, and those with special needs, among others.

Palestine

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The Use of Technology to Continue Learning in Palestine Disrupted with COVID-19
Asian Journal of Distance Education, Date Unspecified
This qualitative study examined how decision-makers and teachers have responded to offer education for all Palestinian students at the immediate onset of the COVID-19 outbreak and how technology is being used to continue education online. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 20 participants from parents, teachers, and decision-makers in Palestine.

Palestine’s COVID-19 Response Plan
World Health Organization Regional Office in the Middle East, 26 March 2020
This paper reports on the COVID-19 situation in Palestine, the government's strategic response, actions to date, as well as the need for financial support and diplomatic engagement.

COVID-19 Response Plan
OCHA, 27 March 2020
The COVID-19 Response Plan for the occupied Palestinian territory presents the joint strategy of the humanitarian community, including UNRWA, to respond to the public health needs and immediate humanitarian consequences of the pandemic in the West Bank, including East Jerusalem, and the Gaza Strip. This plan seeks to mobilize support to implement the most urgent and critical activities over the next three months.

Structural Violence in the Era of a New Pandemic: The Case of the Gaza Strip
The Lancet, 27 March 2020
This article studies the impact of structural violence on the vulnerable Palestinian population already affected by the pandemic.

COVID-19: Gendered Impacts of the Pandemic in Palestine and Implications for Policy and Programming
UN Women, April 2020
This report analyzes the gendered impact of the pandemic on the Palestinian population.

The Gaza Strip and COVID-19: Preparing for the Worst
International Crisis Group, 1 April 2020
This report focuses on the vulnerability of the situation in Palestine, deeply affected by COVID-19. It reports on quarantine and containment efforts, the battered health care system, and need for urgent mitigating measures.

COVID-19 Restrictions Offer Window into Palestinian Experience
Human Rights Watch, 15 April 2020
This article reports on the lives of the Palestinian population during the pandemic and under the occupation.

Qatar

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COVID-19 Qatar national Response Action Plan  
Ministry of Public Health, March 2020 
This plan sets out the Qatari government’s response to COVID-19.

Qatar: Protect Migrant Workers During Pandemic 
Human Rights Watch, 2 April 2020 
This article reports on the steps taken by the Qatari authorities to protect migrant workers, setting forth recommendations for further action.   

Qatar: Migrant Workers Illegally Expelled during COVID-19 Pandemic 
Amnesty International, 15 April 2020 
This article reports on the mistreatment suffered by migrant workers who were expelled during the pandemic without any explanation. 

Saudi Arabia

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Updating Traditions: Saudi Arabia’s Coronavirus Response
Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, 26 March 2020
This article reports on Saudi Arabia's coronavirus response as it relates to nationalism, geopolitics, and global economic and political risks.

Saudi Arabia Turns to E-Commerce during Covid-19 Outbreak
Oxford Business Group, 1 April 2020
This article reports on the economic impact of the COVID-19 outbreak in Saudi Arabia, leading to a boost in e-commerce.

Impact of Corona Virus on the Health Care Services in Saudi Arabia
Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care, 10 April 2020
This article establishes the effect of coronavirus on the follow-up, control, screening, vaccination, and quaternary preventions indicators of quality healthcare. 

Saudi Arabia's Economic Update — April 2020
The World Bank, 16 April 2020
This report offers an update on Saudi Arabia's economic situation following the COVID-19 situation.

The impact of COVID-19 on the Banking Sector of Saudi Arabia
KPMG, 23 April 2020
This report disucsses COVID-19 implication for the bank sector industry in Saudi Arabia.

Saudi Tourism Sector Could See 35%-45% Decline this Year on Coronavirus
Reuters, 24 April 2020
This article reports on the negative impact COVID-19 has had on the tourism sector in Saudi Arabia by mentioning the last events affecting tourism and noting the statistics. 

Somalia

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Preparedness and Response Plan COVID-19
International Organization for Migration, April 2020
This report examines the COVID-19 situation in Somalia and the ways the IOM can contribute to national preparedness and response plan.

How Will Remittances Affect the Somali COVID-19 Response?
The London School of Economics and Political Science, 7 April 2020
This article reports on the effects of remittances on the Somali COVID-19 response.

COVID-19 in Somalia: A Conflict-Sensitive Response to Overlapping Crises
Saferworld, 15 April 2020
This article reports on the overlapping crises existing in Somalia, while providing some recommendations for aid agencies on how to respond to conflict sensitivity.

Somalia: COVID-19 Impact Update No.2 (As of 20 April 2020)
OCHA, 20 April 2020
This article provides an overview of the coronavirus situation in Somalia, the impact of the virus on education, economy, and humanitarian operations. It also reports on the government's humanitarian response to COVID-19.

Somalia Education Sector COVID-19 Response Plan
UNESCO, 22 April 2020
This report discusses a plan for preparing the education sector in Somalia for the COVID-19 outbreak.

Sudan

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Coronavirus Comes to Sudan
Atlantic Council, 30 March 2020
This article reports on Sudan's government prevention efforts as well as political costs incurred due to the coronavirus outbreak.

COVID-19 Socio-Economic Impact Assessment for Sudan
UNDP, April 2020
This report reviews the potential impact of COVID-19 on Sudan, seeking to identify socio-economic structural issues that have rendered the country fragile, and advocating for rebuilding better and more resilient. We explore the impact of the pandemic on economic activities and social sectors, identifying the most vulnerable, and offering suggestions for mitigating measures in line with demands of the revolution for dignity, freedom, and peace.

COVID-19 Spread Could Devastate Millions in Sudan
World Vision International, 14 April 2020
This article focuses on the impact of COVID-19 on children's health as well as World Vision's preparedness and planned response interventions.

Syria

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COVID-19 Pandemic: Syria’s Response and Healthcare Capacity 
Conflict Research Programme, LSE, 25 March 2020 
This memo presents a rapid assessment of the capacity of healthcare system in all parts of Syria to respond to and contain a COVID-19 outbreak.

The Impact Of The COVID-19 Pandemic on Syrians: An Analysis By Syrian Civil Society 
Alnap, 10 April 2020 
This is a comprehensive briefing on the key challenges and concerns facing Syrians and sanctions and restrictions imposed on different regions after the COVID-19 outbreak.

The Impact of Syria’s Fragmentation on COVID-19 Response 
Project on Middle East Political Science, 21 April 2020 
This working paper highlights the several key challenges that impede any meaningful nation-wide disaster response coming from a contested region like Syria, having geographic and political fragmentation, and having to deal with the implications of COVID-19.  

Syria: Aid Restrictions Hinder Covid-19 Response 
Human Rights Watch. 28 April 2020 
This article reports on the aid restrictions preventing millions of people in northeast Syria to get treated for COVID-19. It assesses the general healthcare situation in Syria, details the role of the security council, and provides recommendations.

Tunisia

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Socio-Economic Impacts of Covid-19 on the Tunisian Economy
Journal of the International Academy for Case Studies, 7 March 2020
This paper is a case report analyzing the impact of COVID-19 on the Tunisian economy. 

Tunisia Facing COVID-19: To Exceptional Circumstances, Exceptional Measures?
Arab Reform Initiative, 17 March 2020
This paper explores how Tunisia’s different institutions have responded to the COVID-19 crisis.

UNHCR Tunisia: COVID-19 Emergency Preparedness and Response Plan
UNHCR, 11 April 2020
This report assesses the progression of COVID-19 in Tunisia and its emergency preparedness and UNHCR's actions to step up its support.

Tunisia’s Citizens and Security Forces Come Together to Combat Coronavirus
United States Institute of Peace, 23 April 2020
This article focuses on the COVID-19 situation in Medenine, in southeast Tunisia, a microcosm of the tense community-police dynamic that prevails across Tunisia.

Setbacks for Freedom of Expression as Tunisia Fights COVID-19
Global Voices, 28 April 2020
This article reports on the attempts to silence Tunisian people who criticize the government's response to COVID-19.

Coronavirus and Tunisia’s Regional Economic Inequalities
Carnegie Endowment International, 29 April 2020
This article discusses the strict measures imposed by the Tunisian government to minimize COVID-19 infections. It also details the economic impact of those measures on the country’s long-marginalized interior regions. 

UAE

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COVID-19 Business Issues in the UAE
Squire Patton Boggs, 21 April 2020
This report summarizes the current status of stimulus and support packages in the UAE.

United Arab Emirates' Economic Update — April 2020
The World Bank, 16 April 2020
This article reports on the UAE's economic situation following the outbreak of the COVID-19 pandemic.

Informing United Arab Emirates’ Response to the COVID-19 Pandemic
American University of Beirut, April 2020
This paper examines the UAE's health system and its response to COVID-19.

Yemen

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COVID-19: Impact on Yemen
ACAPS, 10 March 2020
ACAPS held a joint analysis session on 10 March 2020 with 21 participants from 12 organizations to map key risks that may impact the humanitarian situation of Yemenis for the coming six months. This report is based on the feedback and results of the workshop, publicly available data and reports, and key informant interviews with Yemeni experts.

Government, De Facto Authority and Rebel Governance in Times of COVID-19: The Case of Yemen
Project on Middle East Political Science, 20 April 2020
This article considers the case of Yemen, which shows how in conflict-torn or fragmented countries, governments, de facto authorities, and rebels may show a convergent, although not coordinated, response to COVID-19.

COVID-19 in Yemen: Preparedness Measures in a Fragile State
The Lancet Public Health, 23 April 2020
This article summarizes the current preparedness and response to COVID-19 in Yemen in terms of detection, prevention, and response in light of the recent government decisions to establish a national COVID-19 taskforce and response plan.

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The Program on Arab Reform and Democracy (ARD) at CDDRL is pleased to announce the release of the February-April 2020 issue of Mofeed Digest, a periodic recap of the most important scholarly and policy publications, reports, and articles investigating the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the politics, economies, and societies of the Arab world.

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Serage Amatory
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The Program on Arab Reform and Democracy (ARD) at CDDRL is pleased to announce the release of the October 2022 issue of Mofeed Digest, a periodic recap of the most important scholarly and policy publications, reports, and articles investigating the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the politics, economies, and societies of the Arab world.

Mofeed Digest is a feature of the Mofeed Project, an initiative that builds foundational resources for understanding how the politics and societies of the Arab world have adapted in light of the pandemic. The Mofeed Project is supported in part by the Open Society Foundation.

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Mofeed Digest (October 2022)

The following digest summarizes the most important scholarly and policy publications, reports, and articles covering the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the politics, economies, and societies of the Arab world. Mofeed Digest is produced by Mofeed Project Coordinator Serage Amatory.

[MENA | Algeria | Bahrain | EgyptIraq| JordanKuwaitLebanon| LibyaMoroccoPalestine| Qatar| Saudi ArabiaSomalia| Sudan| SyriaTunisia| UAE| Yemen]

 

MENA

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The Impact of COVID-19 on Migrants’ Remittances in the Mediterranean– Evidence from Libya and Tunisia
European Institute of the Mediterranian, October 2022
This article highlights the wide range of consequences of and responses to the COVID-19 pandemic as related to remittance outflows from Libya and Tunisia and finds that variables such as length of stay, reason for migrating and region of origin all influenced the likelihood of continued remittance-sending during the pandemic, as well as the likelihood of migrants receiving ‘reverse remittances’ from kin in their country of origin.

Effects of COVID-19 on Pediatric Cancer Care: A Multicenter Study of 11 Middle Eastern Countries
Journal of Pediatric Hematology/Oncology, 12 October 2022
This article highlights the major challenges facing pediatric cancer centers due to the COVID-19 pandemic in 11 Middle Eastern countries. It specifically studies access to cancer centers, continuity of anti-cancer therapy, hospital admission, and infection protection precautions during the pandemic.

A Review about COVID-19 in the MENA Region: Environmental Concerns and Machine Learning Applications
Environmental Science and Pollution Research, 12 October 2022
This article reviews data about the transmission of the new coronavirus in various settings to better understand virus transmission. It also highlights the most significant application of machine learning to forecast and diagnose COVID-19.

Sex Disparities in Food Consumption Patterns, Dietary Diversity and Determinants of Self-Reported Body Weight Changes Before and Amid the COVID-19 Pandemic in 10 Arab Countries
Frontiers in Public Health, 28 October 2022
This article assesses the gender-based differentials in food consumption patterns, dietary diversity, and the determinants favoring weight change before and amid the COVID-19 pandemic among Arab men and women from 10 Arab countries.

Could the New BA.2.75 Sub-Variant Cause the Emergence of a Global Epidemic of COVID-19? A Scoping Review
Infection and Drug Resistance, 31 October 2022
This article studies a specific subtype of the SARs-CoV-2 virus and assesses the potential of the new subtype for causing another global mayhem.  

Algeria

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Short-Term Adverse Effects Following Booster Dose of Inactivated-Virus vs. Adenoviral-Vector COVID-19 Vaccines in Algeria: A Cross-Sectional Study of the General Population
Vaccines, 22 October 2022
This article studies the side effects of COVID-19 booster vaccines to determine the eventual risk factors.

Bahrain

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The Impact of COVID-19 on Women in Bahrain
Derasat, 24 October 2022
This article focuses on the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on Bahraini Women and reports the findings of an online survey in which approximately 350 Bahraini women participated and a focus group session that examined women’s experience with remote work during the pandemic.

COVID -19 Vaccinations in Pregnancy: Save Mother and Baby from COVID-19 Pandemic
International Journal of Gynecology and Obstetrics, 28 October 2022
This article reports the results of a retrospective study of pregnant women in Bahrain Defense Force Hospital, who were vaccinated against COVID-19 with Sinopharm or Pfizer/Bio NTech. It studies immune responses to vaccination, association with maternal and fetal factors, and the vertical transmission of antibodies.

Egypt

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Violence Against Healthcare Workers during Coronavirus (COVID-19) Pandemic in Egypt: A Cross-Sectional Study
Egyptian Journal of Forensic Sciences, 14 October 2022
This article aims to determine the prevalence of workplace violence, its risk variables, and the pattern of violence directed toward healthcare workers in the context of the COVID-19 pandemic in Egypt.

Characteristics, Outcomes and Indicators of Severity for COVID-19 Among Sample of ESNA Quarantine Hospital’s Patients, Egypt: A Retrospective Study
Infection and Drug Resistance, 21 October 2022
This article analyzes the hematological, biochemical, and chest imaging findings of a cohort of COVID-19 patients in Egypt and sheds light on the predictors of COVID-19 severity.

Iraq

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Sequencing and Mutations Analysis of the First Recorded SARS-CoV-2 Omicron Variant during the Fourth Wave of Pandemic in Iraq
The Brazilian Journal of Infectious Diseases, October 2022
This article reports on a study conducted to sequence and molecularly characterize the representing samples from the early fourth COVID-19 wave in Iraq.

Genome Sequence of an Early Imported Case of SARS-CoV-2 Delta Variant (B.1.617.2 AY.122) in Iraq in April 2021
American Society for Microbiology, 17 October 2022
This article reports the complete genome sequence of an early imported case of a SARS-CoV-2 strain in Iraq obtained from a flight passenger en route from India. 

COVID-19 Death Rates in Iran and Iraq: Possible Relations Between Iraq’s Pre-COVID-19 Mass Gatherings and Its Low Death Rate
Journal of Epidemiology and Global Health, 21 October 2022
This article focuses on the notable difference in death rates due to COVID-19 in Iran and Iraq. It also discusses the possible effect of Iraq pre-COVID-19 mass gatherings on the death rate.

Dynamic Inferences of Coronavirus Epidemiology Spread in Iraq Region
AIP Conference Proceedings 2400, 31 October 2022
This article reflects on the authors’ development of a new epidemiological dynamical model-design that can simulate the spread of the coronavirus in Iraq.

Jordan

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Two Years of COVID-19 Pandemic in Jordan: A Focus on Epidemiology and Vaccination
Journal of Global Health, 1 October 2022
This article aims to narrate the story of COVID-19 spread in Jordan from its onset and to document major events and vaccination efforts in the country.

Post-COVID-19 Syndrome Symptoms After Mild and Moderate SARS-CoV-2 Infection
Frontiers in Medicine, 3 October 2022
This article investigates the prevalence of PCS (Post-COVID-19 Syndrome) in non-hospitalized subjects with mild to moderate COVID-19 infection in Jordan and also assesses the impact of age and gender on PCS.

New Symptoms and Prevalence of Postacute COVID-19 Syndrome among Nonhospitalized COVID-19 Survivors
Scientific Reports, 8 October 2022
This article assesses post acute COVID-19 syndrome (PACS) symptoms according to the onset of the infection while evaluating the effect of COVID-19 vaccination on the symptoms of PACS.

Use of Traditional and Complementary Medicine for COVID-19 Prophylaxis Among Healthcare Professionals and Students in Jordan: A Cross-Sectional Study
PLOS One, 20 October 2022
This article aims to assess the prevalence of use of traditional and complementary medicine for the prophylaxis of COVID-19 among healthcare professionals and students in Jordan.

A Cross-Sectional Study of the Impact of COVID-19 Pandemic on the Physical Activity of Jordanian Population
Health Science Reports, 28 October 2022
This article examines the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the physical activity (PA) of the Jordanian population and reports that the pandemic had a positive impact on the healthy lifestyle of the Jordanian population which was attributed to their feeling of the importance of sports practice on the immune system and the availability of time for those activities.

Kuwait

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COVID-19 Environmental and Operational Impact for Public Transport in Kuwait
Environmental Science and Pollution Research, 3 October 2022
This article studies the experience of the Kuwait public transport company KPTC and Kuwait Airways during the COVID-19 pandemic and highlights the major losses they incurred due to the decline of their users.

Using Absorbable Sutures for Traumatic Wound Closure to Avoid Additional Hospital Visits for Suture Removal During the COVID-19 Pandemic: A Randomized Controlled Trial
Cureus, 6 October 2022
This article studied the usage of absorbable sutures for wound closure treatments in Kuwait during the COVID-19 pandemic to avoid requiring patients to come to hospitals frequently for wound dressings during the pandemic and the lockdown measures.

Lebanon

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Development of a Prediction Model for the Management of Noncommunicable Diseases Among Older Syrian Refugees Amidst the COVID-19 Pandemic in Lebanon
Journal of the American Medical Association, 13 October 2022
This article investigates the predictors and barriers to managing noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) for older Syrian refugees in Lebanon during the COVID-19 pandemic. It lists predictors including age, no cash assistance, household water and food insecurity, and having multiple chronic diseases.

Observational Study of Factors Associated with Morbidity and Mortality from COVID-19 in Lebanon, 2020–2021
PLOS One, 19 October 2022
This article probes for outcomes of severity of COVID-19 in Lebanese patients to investigate the association between clinical and metabolic variables and disease outcomes, mainly intubation and mortality.

Food Insecurity and Eating Habits of Lebanese Children Aged 5–11 Years during the COVID-19 Pandemic and the Socioeconomic Crisis: A National Study
BMC Public Health, 29 October 2022
This article aims to find the prevalence of food insecurity among Lebanese children during the COVID-19 pandemic and its correlates.

Libya

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Post-Acute COVID-19 Syndrome (PACS) Right Atrioventricular and Vena Cava Thrombus on Top of a Myxoma. A Case Report
Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery, 8 October 2022
This article studies the relationship between a prior COVID-19 infection and the formation of thrombus inside cardiac chambers in the case of a cardiac tumor such as myxoma. It reports the specific case of a 21-year-old Libyan female who had a history of SARS-CoV-2 infection and presented with a right atrioventricular thrombus associated with pulmonary embolism and thrombocytopenia.

Morocco 

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Covidly Humorous Memes: Coping Mechanisms and Power Dynamics of Humour during the Pandemic in Morocco
European Journal of Humour Research, 11 October 2022
This article analyzes memes posted on Moroccan Facebook pages during the first wave of the COVID-19 pandemic and shows that the use of humor by Moroccans is not only motivated by achieving mirth but also vehicles critical views about issues of common concern debated in the digital public sphere.

Economic Resilience in Morocco during COVID-19
Economic Research Forum, 11 October 2022
This article outlines the results of analysis assessing the effects of Morocco’s government actions during the COVID-19 pandemic on economic variables and raises questions about the design of future monetary and fiscal policies and their interaction in an environment of high public debt.

Factors Affecting Nursing and Health Technician Students' Satisfaction with Distance Learning during the COVID-19 Pandemic in Morocco: A Survey-Based Observational Study
Journal of Educational Evaluation for Health Professions, 17 October 2022
This article aims to determine the satisfaction levels of nursing and health technician students in Morocco with distance learning during the COVID-19 pandemic.

Palestine

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COVID-19 Vaccines and Epidemic Trends of COVID- 19 in Palestine Running Title: COVID- 19 Trends in Palestine
Israa University Journal of Applied Sciences, 1 October 2022
This article aims to determine the growth rate of COVID-19 in Palestine, as well as to compare the rates in the pre- and post-vaccination periods.

Feelings of Polish and Palestinian Students after Receiving Vaccinations against COVID-19
International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 21 October 2022
This article studies the opinions of Polish and Palestinian students after receiving vaccinations against COVID-19 and shows that almost 50% of research participants from both countries believe that vaccines are an effective antidote to the pandemic situation.

Qatar

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Cardiovascular Risks and Outcome in COVID-19 Positive Patients with Cardiovascular Disease Attending Primary Health Care Corporation in Qatar: A Retrospective Cohort Study
Mayo Clinic Proceedings Journal, 1 October 2022
This article aims to report whether cardiovascular diseases increase the risk for hospitalization and further complications in COVID-19 patients in Qatar.

Protective Effect of Previous SARS-CoV-2 Infection against Omicron BA.4 and BA.5 Subvariants
New England Journal of Medicine, 27 October 2022
This article shows that the protection of a previous COVID-19 infection against reinfection with a BA.4 or BA.5 subvariant was lower than that against reinfection with a BA.1 or BA.2 subvariant because of more waning of immune protection over time and a greater capacity for immune-system evasion with the BA.4 and BA.5 subvariants.

Saudi Arabia

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Influence of the COVID-19 Pandemic on Contact Lens Use and Practices in Saudi Arabia – A Cross Sectional Study
Sapporo Medical Journal, September 2022
This article aims to assess the influence of the COVID-19 pandemic on contact lens wear and usage in Saudi Arabia.

Awareness of Smell Exercise after Smell Dysfunction Related to COVID-19 in Alahsaa, Saudi Arabia
Archives of Otolaryngology and Rhinology, 21 September 2022
This article aims to estimate the prevalence of COVID-19-related anosmia, hyposmia, and parosmia in Alahssa, Saudi Arabia and to establish the level of awareness of smell exercises there.

Experience of Nursing Interns during COVID-19 in Taif University, Saudi Arabia: A Qualitative Study
Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research, October 2022
This article aims to explore the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on nursing students in Taif, Saudi Arabia, during their interns at hospitals and how they dealt with the COVID-19 pandemic.

Logistic regression analysis for studying the impact of home quarantine on psychological health during COVID-19 in Saudi Arabia
Alexandria Engineering Journal, October 2022
This article uses multiple logistic regression model (MLR) to identify the impact of home quarantine on psychological stability of individuals during the COVID-19 pandemic in Saudi Arabia.

Soccer-Related Injuries Pre- and Post-COVID-19 Lockdown in Saudi Arabia: An Epidemiological Study
The Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness, 7 October 2022
This article examines the number and nature of soccer injuries per thousand hours of exposure pre and post the COVID-19 lockdown in Saudi Arabia.

Impact of Social Determinants on COVID-19 Infections: A Comprehensive Study from Saudi Arabia Governorates
Humanities and Social Sciences Communications, 7 October 2022
This article identifies the main factors affecting the variations between KSA governorates in the cumulative number of COVID-19 infections.

Knowledge of COVID-19 and Its Treatment Among Healthcare Worker in Al-Ahsa Region of Saudi Arabia
Journal of Multidisciplinary Healthcare, 11 October 2022
This article assesses the knowledge find of healthcare workers (HCWs) in Saudi Arabia’s eastern region about the COVID-19 in terms of its symptoms, transmission, and treatment.

The Association Between Hair Loss and COVID-19: The Impact of Hair Loss After COVID-19 Infection on the Quality of Life Among Residents in Saudi Arabia
Cureus, 13 October 2022
This article explores the prevalence of hair loss among recovered COVID-19 patients in Saudi Arabia and to determine the contributing factors. It also measures the impact of hair loss after COVID-19 on patients’ quality of life.

Challenges and Barriers to E-Learning Experienced by Trainers and Training Coordinators in the Ministry of Health in Saudi Arabia during the COVID-19 Crisis
PLOS One, 17 October 2022
This article explores the challenges of and barriers to e-learning experienced by trainers and training coordinators in the Saudi Ministry of Health during the COVID-19 pandemic.

Health Economic Burden of COVID-19 in Saudi Arabia
Frontiers in Public Health, 20 October 2022
This article provides real-world data on the health economic burden of COVID-19 on the Saudi health sector and assesses the direct medical costs associated with the management of COVID-19 in the Kingdom.

Predictors of Illness Severity in COVID-19 Cases in Saudi Arabia
Infection and Drug Resistance, 21 October 2022
This article describes the clinical and epidemiological features of COVID-19 cases in the Eastern Province of Saudi Arabia and identifies factors associated with the severity of the illness.

Nutritional Behaviour of Adolescents and the Impact of COVID-19 on a Diet in Saudi Arabia
Current Research in Nutrition and Food Science, 26 October 2022
This article aims to assess the knowledge, attitude, behavior and dietary patterns of adolescents and the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic related restrictions on these behaviors in Saudi Arabia.

Public Acceptance of COVID-19 Vaccination among Residents of Saudi Arabia: A Cross-Sectional Online Study
BMJ Open, 31 October 2022
This article measures the public acceptance of the COVID-19 vaccinations among residents of Saudi Arabia and explores the factors that may play an important role in increasing the acceptance of vaccinations in future pandemics.

The Impact of COVID-19 Pandemic on Anxiety and Depression among Physical Therapists in Saudi Arabia: A Cross-Sectional Study
BMC Medical Education, November 2022
This article reports the results of a survey conducted on physical therapists in Saudi Arabia to assess their level of anxiety and depression due to the COVID-19 pandemic. It finds that 63% and 55.5% of the studied therapists reported having symptoms of anxiety and depression, respectively.

Somalia

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Loss of Taste and Smell are Common Clinical Characteristics of Patients with COVID-19 in Somalia: A Retrospective Double Centre Study
Infection and Drug Resistance, 21 October 2022
This article identifies the common clinical presentations and the evidence on the presence of ageusia and anosmia as emerging COVID-19 symptom to better inform COVID-19 patients and clinicians in Somalia.

Sudan

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Spatial–Temporal Trends of COVID-19 Infection and Mortality in Sudan
Scientific Reports, 7 October 2022
This article reports the findings of a national descriptive study implemented to present the infection and mortality rates of the COVID-19 pandemic in Sudan.

Knowledge, Attitude, and Acceptance Regarding COVID-19 Vaccines in Sudan
Frontiers in Public Health, 10 October 2022
This article assesses the behavior of health workers, medical students, and the general public in Sudan regarding COVID-19 vaccines and identifies  the determinants of their behavior and the factors increasing vaccine acceptance among them.

The Impact of COVID-19 on the Labour Market in Sudan
Economic Research Forum, 25 October 2022
This article draws on survey evidence of how Sudan’s labor market has fared during the COVID-19 pandemic and makes recommendations for policies to respond to the economic damage to households and firms.

The characteristics and outcomes of COVID-19 among diabetic patients in Wad-Medani isolation center from September to December 2020: A cross-sectional study
Health Science Reports, 31 October 2022
This article evaluates the characteristics and outcomes of COVID-19 among diabetic patients in Sudan.

Syria

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Knowledge, Attitudes, and Practices Related to COVID-19 Infection, Related Behavior, Antibiotics Usage, and Resistance among Syrian Population: A Cross-Sectional Study
Health Science Reports, 3 October 2022
This article evaluates the Syrian population’s knowledge of, attitudes toward, and practice around the use of antibiotics and antibiotic resistance during the COVID-19 epidemic.

Power Dynamics and Health Initiative Design as Determinants of Peacebuilding: A Case Study of the Syrian Conflict
BMJ Global Health, 9 October 2022
This article examines the role that existing power structures and health initiative characteristics play at various levels of a conflict in peacebuilding outcomes in the contexts of the Syrian war and the COVID-19 pandemic.

Commitment to Protective Measures during the COVID-19 Pandemic in Syria: A Nationwide Cross-Sectional Study
PLOS One, 14 October 2022
This article aims to evaluate the extent to which the Syrian population adheres to precautionary infection control measures and analyze the relationship between demographic variables and adherence in light of the COVID-19 pandemic.

Down Syndrome Outreach during the COVID-19 Pandemic – An Interprofessional Zoom® WhatsApp® Collaboration in Syria
Journal of Pediatric Healthcare, 16 October 2022
This article reflects on the experience of children with Down Syndrome during the COVID-19 pandemic given that they face increased risks of severe outcomes of the disease (e.g., respiratory symptoms, fever, and several medical complications).

Tunisia

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Psychological Impact of the COVID-19 Pandemic among Health Care Workers in Tunisia
Research Square, 19 October 2022
This working paper assesses the psychological impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on Tunisia’s health care workers' work, psychological outcomes, and return to work indicators.

Compassion Fatigue among Frontline Healthcare Workers during the COVID-19 Pandemic in Tunisia
PLOS One, 27 October 2022
This article measures compassion satisfaction (CS) and compassion fatigue (CF) levels and their predictors among Tunisian healthcare workers during the COVID-19 pandemic.

UAE

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Parents’ Views on the Acceptability of a COVID-19 Vaccine for Their Children: A Cross-Sectional Study in Abu Dhabi-United Arab Emirates
Hayat Biotech, October 2022
This article assesses the views of parents in the UAE on the acceptability of vaccines against COVID-19 for their children.

Psychological Distress among the Nursing Workforce in the United Arab Emirates: Comparing Levels before and during the COVID-19 Pandemic
Nursing Forum, 9 October 2022
This article aims to determine the level of generalized psychological distress among nurses in the United Arab Emirates comparatively before and during the COVID-19 pandemic.

Coinfections in Patients Hospitalized with COVID-19: A Descriptive Study from the United Arab Emirates
Infection and Drug Resistance, 21 October 2022
This article aims to characterize the clinical and microbiological profiles of coinfections in patients with COVID-19 in the UAE.

Yemen

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Psychologists’ Perspective of Mental Health in Yemen during the Civil War and COVID-19: A Qualitative Inquiry
Current Psychology, 14 October 2022
This article examines the current state of psychological problems from the perspectives of psychologists and psychiatrists in Yemen in light of the ongoing civil war and the COVID-19 pandemic.

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The Program on Arab Reform and Democracy (ARD) at CDDRL is pleased to announce the release of the October 2022 issue of Mofeed Digest, a periodic recap of the most important scholarly and policy publications, reports, and articles investigating the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the politics, economies, and societies of the Arab world.

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The Program on Arab Reform and Democracy (ARD) at CDDRL is pleased to announce the release of the September 2022 issue of Mofeed Digest, a periodic recap of the most important scholarly and policy publications, reports, and articles investigating the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the politics, economies, and societies of the Arab world.

Mofeed Digest is a feature of the Mofeed Project, an initiative that builds foundational resources for understanding how the politics and societies of the Arab world have adapted in light of the pandemic. The Mofeed Project is supported in part by the Open Society Foundation.

Follow Mofeed-19 on Social Media

Mofeed Digest (September 2022)

The following digest summarizes the most important scholarly and policy publications, reports, and articles covering the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the politics, economies, and societies of the Arab world. Mofeed Digest is produced by Mofeed Project Coordinator Serage Amatory.

[MENABahrain | EgyptIraq| JordanLebanon| LibyaMorocco| OmanPalestine| Qatar| Saudi ArabiaSomalia| Sudan| SyriaTunisia| UAE| Yemen

 

MENA

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Arab Human Development Report 2022: Expanding Opportunities for an Inclusive and Resilient Recovery in the Post-COVID Era
UNDP, September 2022  
This report provides an assessment of what it will take to get human development back on track in the Arab States region in the post-pandemic (COVID-19) era. It tackles the pandemic’s impacts on structural vulnerabilities in the Arab States region and its effects on the human development indices of those states. [Arabic]

Key Considerations for Integrating COVID-19 Vaccination Services: Insights from Iraq and Syria for the MENA Region
Social Science in Humanitarian Action Platform, September 2022
This article draws on evidence from academic literature and consultations with partners working in the COVID-19 response to review current integration efforts and explore potentially effective ways to integrate COVID-19 vaccination into other services in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region.

Exploring Enablers and Barriers toward COVID-19 Vaccine Acceptance among Arabs: A Qualitative Study
International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction, September 2022
This article explores public beliefs and views towards COVID-19 vaccination in different Arab countries and the effect of confidence in the healthcare system, misinformation, and scientific approaches adopted to mitigate COVID-19 on how individuals are following the recommended preventative actions including vaccination.

COVID-19 Pandemic, Real Effective Exchange Rate and Foreign Direct Investment Inflows: Evidence from Morocco, Turkey and Egypt
International Journal of Applied Economics, Finance and Accounting, 5 September 2022
This article studies the impact of real effective exchange rate (REER) volatility in different exchange rate arrangements for the 1990–2020 period and the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on foreign direct investment (FDI) inflows to Morocco, Turkey, and Egypt.

SARS-CoV-2 Chronological Genomic Evolution and Epidemiology in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) Region as Affected by Vaccination, Conflict and Socioeconomical Disparities: A Population-Based Cohort Study
BMJ Public Health Emergency Collection, 8 September 2022
This article describes the chronological genomic evolution of SARS-CoV-2 and its impact on public health in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region.

Validation and Cultural Adaptation of the Parent Attitudes about Childhood Vaccines (PACV) Questionnaire in Arabic Language Widely Spoken in a Region with a High Prevalence of COVID-19 Vaccine Hesitancy
Tropical Medicine and Infectious Disease, 8 September 2022
This article aims to validate a version of the Parent Attitudes about Childhood Vaccines (PACV) tool in Arabic. The study investigates Arab-speaking parents’ views regarding COVID-19 vaccination of their children.

Perceptions of COVID-19 Symptoms, Prevention, and Treatment Strategies among People in Seven Arab Countries: A Cross-Sectional Study
Journal of Infection and Public Health, 10 September 2022
This article aims to assess prevention, treatment, degree of symptoms, and sources of information among patients with COVID-19 in Arab countries.

Economic Trouble in Five Non-Oil Arab Countries
Strategic Comments, 13 September 2022
This article discusses the economic shocks induced by the COVID-19 pandemic in five non-oil exporters in the Arab States region, namely Egypt, Jordan, Lebanon, Morocco, and Tunisia. The article studies the impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic on the global energy and food markets and how those disruptions were manifested in these countries. 

Assessment of Commitment to Healthy Daily Habits and Diets, Preventive Measures, and Beliefs about Natural Products Utilization during COVID-19 Pandemic in Certain Population in Egypt and Saudi Arabia
Pharmacy Practice, 23 September 2022
This article aims to assess the commitment of participants in Saudi Arabia and Egypt towards healthy daily habits, preventive measures, healthy food habits, and beliefs about natural products as Immunostimulants during the COVID-19 pandemic.

Parental Health Beliefs, Intention, and Strategies about COVID-19 Vaccine for Their Children: A Cross-Sectional Analysis from Five Arab Countries in the Middle East
Vaccine, 23 September 2022
This article aims to explore the parents’ health beliefs, intentions, and strategies towards the COVID-19 vaccine for their children among Arab population.

Digitalisation: What’s Needed in Business Responses to COVID-19 in MENA
Economic Research Forum, 25 September 2022
This article reports evidence on how different sectors in the Middle East and North Africa have been responding to disruptions in the global business environment caused by the COVID-19 pandemic. The focus is particularly on firms’ adoption of digital technologies, as well as policies that might encourage greater digitalization as an essential business strategy to mitigate the consequences of COVID-19 for the economy.

Bahrain

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Implementing Artificial Intelligence-Based COVID-19 Chatbot in the Kingdom of Bahrain
International Journal of Intelligent Systems and Applications in Engineering, 30 September 2022
This article studies the role of Chatbots in helping the Bahraini healthcare sector minimize operational costs and improve the quality and speed of healthcare services during the COVID-19 pandemic.

Egypt

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Assessment of COVID-19 Impact on Sustainable Development Goals Indicators in Egypt Using Fuzzy Analytic Hierarchy Process
International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction, September 2022
This article assesses indicators of specific Sustainable Development Goals in reflecting on the impact of COVID-19 by conducting several questionnaire surveys among experts in Egypt. The scope of this research is limited to addressing poverty alleviation, hunger abatement, healthcare promotion, sustainable economic growth, and climate change mitigation. 

Love of Life: Role of Positive and Negative Traits among Egyptian Students during the COVID-19 Pandemic
Mankind Quarterly, 1 September 2022
This article aims to study the role of negative and positive traits among Egyptian students during the COVID-19 pandemic by developing a model of love of life (LOL) as a component of subjective well-being (SWB). A sample of 309 Egyptian college students responded to the following scales: Love of Life, self-esteem, SWB, positive and negative affect, and suicidality.

COVID-19 Food Policy Response Monitor for Egypt
IFPRI Egypt, 19 September 2022
This article compiles Egypt’s food policies during the COVID-19 pandemic and features the  “Food Policy Response Monitor” which is a tool that provides an overview of key food policy responses in a tabular format and is updated regularly.

Assessment of COVID -19 Associated Coagulopathy and Multiple Hemostatic Markers: A Single Center Study in Egypt
Infection, 22 September 2022
This article aims to evaluate COVID-19-associated coagulopathy and DIC among patients of Upper Egypt. It studied 106 COVID-19 patients and 51 apparently healthy controls.

Impact of Obesity and Its Associated Comorbid Conditions on COVID-19 Presentation
Diabetes, Metabolic Syndrome and Obesity: Targets and Therapy, 28 September 2022
This article aims to evaluate the impact of obesity and its related complications on the course of COVID-19 in Egyptian patients.

Iraq

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Disease Severity and Efficacy of Homologous Vaccination among Patients Infected with SARS-CoV-2 Delta or Omicron VOCs, Compared to Unvaccinated Using Main Biomarkers
Journal of Medical Virology, 27 August 2022
This article aims to establish the clinical severity of COVID-19 caused by Delta and Omicron SARS-CoV-2 variants among patients who either attended or were admitted to hospitals in Iraq and to compare the effectiveness of Pfizer and AstraZeneca COVID-19 vaccines (single or double doses).

Role of Oxidative Stress in Pathogenesis and Severity of COVID-19 Infection: Case-Control Study in Iraq
Journal of Life and Bio Sciences Research, 7 September 2022
This article aims to investigate oxidative stress in patients with mild and severe COVID-19 in Iraq.

Long COVID-19 Prevalence among a Sample of Infected People in Erbil City
Journal of Population Therapeutics and Clinical Pharmacology, 9 September 2022
This estimates the prevalence of residual symptoms among a sample of people infected with COVID-19 who survived and recovered in Erbil city and assesses the relation between the severity of the disease and post-COVID-19 syndrome.

Impact of the COVID-19 Pandemic on Nurses Mental Health Status in Iraq
Journal of Education and Health Promotion, 28 September 2022
This article assesses the psychological impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on 1000 nurses in Iraq using the depression anxiety stress scale (DASS21).

Matrix Metalloproteinase-3 and Tissue Inhibitor of Metalloproteinase-2 as Diagnostic Markers for COVID-19 Infection
Iraqi Journal of Science, 30 September 2022
This article investigates the probable link between Matrix Metalloproteinase and COVID-19 by studying 58 COVID-19 patients and 30 apparently healthy individuals matched in terms of age and sex in Iraq.

The Modern Techniques in Spatial Analysis to Isolate, Quarantine the Affected Areas and Prevent the Spread of COVID-19 Epidemic
Iraqi Journal of Science, 30 September 2022
This article reflects on techniques in spatial analysis utilized in Iraq to control viral spreading, optimize health capabilities and protection teams, and limit population movement to prevent the spread of COVID-19.

Jordan

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Public Perception of Pharmacist's Role during COVID-19 Outbreak in Jordan
Jordan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences, 1 September 2022
This article reports on a positive public perception toward the pharmacist role in Jordan during the COVID-19 pandemic and calls on expanding the role of the pharmacist to be more engaged in providing different health services during disasters or normal conditions.

SARS-CoV-2 Seroepidemiological Investigation in Jordan: Seroprevalence, Herd Immunity, and Vaccination Coverage. A Population-Based National Study
International Journal of General Medicine, 5 September 2022
This article estimates the population-based seropositivity, herd immunity, and vaccination coverage at the fourth wave of seroprevalence epidemiological COVID-19 investigations in Jordan.

Sources of SARS-CoV-2 Transmission in Jordan: Self-Reported Approach
Informatics in Medicine Unlocked, 6 September 2022
This article explores the sources of COVID-19 infection in Jordan and investigates the effects of demographic factors and the adherence to preventive measures on household transmission.

Inequalities in Jordan Before and After the Pandemic
Economic Research Forum, 6 September 2022
This report provides an overview of inequalities in Jordan, before and after the outbreak of the COVID-19 pandemic. The report focuses on inequality in expenditure as a proxy for income inequality and on inequality in educational outcomes and opportunities as a proxy for inequalities in capabilities.

Returning to Schools After COVID-19: Identifying Factors of Distance Learning Failure in Jordan from Parents’ Perspectives
Online Journal of Communication and Media Technologies, 9 September 2022
This article aims to evaluate the distance learning experiences of Jordanian parents after their children returned to school due to the COVID-19 pandemic.

COVID-19 Related Stigma, Empathy and Intention for Testing in Jordan
PLOS One, 12 September 2022
This article aims to establish the prevalence of COVID-19-related stigma and its association with empathic responding, in addition to exploring predictors of stigma and testing intention among Jordanian people.

The First Detection of Pneumocystis Jirovecii in Asthmatic Patients Post-COVID-19 in Jordan
Bosnian Journal of Basic Medical Sciences, 16 September 2022
This article aims to determine if Pneumocystis Jirovecii detection occurs in asthma patients following the incidence of COVID-19 in a Jordanian cohort.

COVID-19 Vaccine Acceptance among Vulnerable Groups: Syrian Refugees in Jordan
Vaccines, 28 September 2022
This article aims to assess the willingness of Syrian refugees in Jordan to take the COVID-19 vaccine. Participants in the Zaatari refugee camp in Jordan were invited through social media to complete the survey between January and March 2022.

Kuwait

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Impact of COVID-19 Pandemic on Routine Immunization in State of Kuwait: Short-Term Disruption With Rebound in Vaccination Utilization
AJPM Focus, 11 September 2022
This article explores the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on routine immunization in Kuwait along 4 abbreviated time frames.

Lebanon

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Movement under State and Non-State Authorities during COVID-19: Evidence from Lebanon
SSM Population Health, September 2022
This article proposes that non-state armed groups may make different decisions than state governments in response to public health challenges such as the COVID-19 pandemic. It draws upon the case of Hezbollah in Lebanon to investigate whether movement levels differed between areas with Hezbollah private governance in comparison to other areas of Lebanon.

Variations in COVID-19 Vaccine Attitudes and Acceptance among Refugees and Lebanese Nationals Pre- and Post-Vaccine Rollout in Lebanon
Vaccines, 15 September 2022
This article evaluates variations in attitudes toward COVID-19 vaccines and factors associated with vaccine acceptance among refugees and Lebanese nationals accessing 60 International Medical Corps-supported health facilities through two cross-sectional surveys pre- and post-vaccine rollout.

Implementation of a Pharmacovigilance System in a Resources-Limited Country in the Context of COVID-19: Lebanon’s Success Story
Therapeutic Innovation & Regulatory Science, 15 September 2022
This article describes the implementation of an effective national pharmacovigilance system in Lebanon in the context of COVID-19, within a limited resources setting and with the absence of a guaranteed funding.

Libya

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Association Between ABO Blood Group System and COVID-19 Severity: Case-Control Study From Libya
American Journal of Clinical Pathology, 7 September 2022
This article reports the findings of a study conducted on Libyan participants to further investigate the association between the ABO blood group system and COVID-19 severity.

Morocco 

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EP06.01-010 Clinical Outcomes after Hypo Fractionated Radiotherapy for Locally Advanced Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer during the COVID-19 Pandemic in Morocco
Journal of Thoracic Oncology, 1 September 2022
This article reports the outcomes of patients treated by Hypo fractionated radiotherapy for locally advanced non-small cell lung cancer during the COVID-19 pandemic in the Greater Casablanca Region in Morocco.

Social Medias in Increasing Anxiety around COVID-19 in Morocco
European Psychiatry, 1 September 2022
This article studies how the exposure to publicized information about the COVID-19 pandemic might have generated psychiatric disorders among Moroccans, in particular anxiety and absence of well-being.

Ethnobotanical Study of Medicinal Plants Used against COVID-19
Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine, 15 September 2022
This article identifies the medicinal plants used by the Moroccan population in the prevention or treatment of COVID-19.

Emergency Remote Learning in Morocco as a Response to the COVID-19 Pandemic: Students’ Perspectives
Learning: Research and Practice, 20 September 2022
This article explores the experience of Moroccan university students with emergency remote learning (ERL) during the COVID-19 lockdown. It found that insecurity, the absence of intimacy, technical issues, and unfairness were the main hurdles that negatively influence participants’ online learning process.

Smallholder Farmer Aptitudes and Perceptions about the Impact of COVID-19 Pandemic on Agriculture in Morocco during the Lockdown
Moroccan Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 21 September 2022
This article captures the perceptions of Moroccan smallholder farmers from three agricultural regions regarding the effects of COVID-19 on their farming practices and social well-being.

Monetary Policy Under Uncertainty: The Case of COVID-19 Health Crisis in Morocco
European Journal of Business and Management Research, 27 September 2022
This article analyzes the conduct of Morocco's monetary policy in the context of the uncertainty caused by the COVID-19 health crisis.

Oman

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Attitudes of Physicians and Nurses in Oman Toward Mandatory COVID-19 Vaccination
Oman Medical Journal, September 2022
This article investigates the relationship between attitudes toward COVID-19 vaccines and disapproval of the policy of mandatory COVID-19 vaccination among unvaccinated physicians and nurses in Oman.

Factors Associated with Coping Strategies Due to COVID-19 Pandemic-Related Stressors among Omani Adults
Oman Medical Journal, September 2022
This article examines stressors and coping strategies adopted by Omani adults during the COVID-19 pandemic and explore the relationships between coping strategies and sociodemographic characteristics.

Adverse Cutaneous Reactions Reported Post COVID-19 Vaccination in Al Buraimi Governorate, Sultanate of Oman
Dermatologic Therapy, 13 September 2022
This article evaluates the incidence and various patterns of cutaneous side effects reported post COVID-19 vaccination in Al Buraimi Governorate in Oman.

Palestine

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Effects of COVID-19 on Domestic Tourism in the West Bank, Palestine: A Case Study of Nablus City
An-Najah Staff Publications, September 2022
This article investigates the effects of the COVID-19 pandemic on domestic tourism in Nablus City located in the West Bank of Palestine.

COVID-19 Vaccination in the Gaza Strip: A Cross-Sectional Study of Vaccine Coverage, Hesitancy, and Associated Risk Factors among Community Members and Healthcare Workers
Conflict and Health, 9 September 2022
This article explores the challenges impeding vaccination efforts against COVID-19 in the Gaza strip and estimates the coverage of COVID-19 vaccination and the prevalence of vaccine hesitancy among residents there.

Prevalence of Anxiety and Depression among Palestinian University Students: A Cross-Sectional Study during COVID-19 Pandemic
Middle East Current Psychiatry, 19 September 2022
This article measures the prevalence of anxiety and depression among university students in Palestine and explores the association between anxiety and depression during the COVID-19 pandemic.

Prevalence and Risk Factors Associated with Symptomatic Dry Eye in Nurses in Palestine during the COVID-19 Pandemic
Arab American University Digital Repository, 21 September 2022
This article assesses the prevalence and associated factors of dry eye disease among hospital nurses in the North West Bank during the COVID-19 pandemic.

Evaluation of Using Computer Assisted Telephone Interview Mode of Data Collection in the Time of COVID–19 Pandemic—Palestine Case
The Implementation of Smart Technologies for Business Success and Sustainability, 25 September 2022
This article introduces the adoption of the CATI (Computer Assisted Telephone Interview) mode of data collection during the COVID-19 pandemic in Palestine and explains the main differences between CATI and CAPI (Computer-assisted personal interviewing) modes in household surveys in particular.

Qatar

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Variations in Respiratory Syncytial Virus Activity Following the Relaxation of COVID-19 Restrictions in Qatar
Journal of Travel Medicine, 17 September 2022
This article reports that the remarkable variations in RSV (respiratory syncytial virus) transmission dynamics during the relaxation of COVID-19 measures in Qatar in late 2020 and 2021 could be mainly attributed to the number of international arrivals and the introduction of RSV from different regions.

Saudi Arabia

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SARS-CoV-2 Reinfection Rate and Outcomes in Saudi Arabia: A National Retrospective Study
International Journal of Infectious Diseases, September 2022
This article utilizes comorbidities, vaccination status, SARS-CoV-2 variants of concern, and demographics data to profile participants who were reinfected with SARS-CoV-2 in Saudi Arabia. It reports that diabetes, HIV, obesity, and working in health care were associated with reinfections.

Seroprevalence of Community-Acquired Atypical Bacterial Pneumonia among Adult COVID-19 Patients from a Single Center in Al Madinah Al Munawarah, Saudi Arabia
Saudi Medical Journal, 1 September 2022
This article investigates the seroprevalence of the community-acquired bacterial that causes atypical pneumonia among confirmed COVID-19 patients in Saudi Arabia.

Sleep Impact of Pandemic COVID-19 Crisis on University Students in Saudi Arabia and Associated Factors
European Psychiatry, 1 September 2022
This article aims to assess sleep effects of the COVID-19 pandemic on university students in Saudi Arabia.

Factors Affecting the Decision Regarding COVID-19 Vaccination in the Saudi Public in the Central Region
Cureus, 7 September 2022
This article evaluates the factors and motivators that may affect the Saudi Arabian population's decision to get COVID-19 vaccination.

Changes in Physical Activity during COVID-19 Pandemic among Saudi Arabians: Results from a Cross-Sectional Study
Health Science Reports, 12 September 2022
This article investigates patterns of physical activity during the COVID-19 pandemic among adults residing in Saudi Arabia.

Assessment of COVID-19 Symptoms Distribution According to Tobacco Products Consumption and Khat Chewing: A Potential Antinociceptive Role of Nicotine Among COVID-19 Patients
International Journal of General Medicine, 15 September 2022
This article assesses the distribution of COVID-19 symptoms according to the consumption of tobacco products and khat chewing among samples of Saudi Arabian individuals.

The Cost-Effectiveness of Requesting a Complete Blood Count (CBC) in the Management of COVID-19 in Saudi Arabia
Healthcare, 15 September 2022
This article assesses the cost-effectiveness of requesting a complete blood count (CBC) for COVID-19 patients, as opposed to ordering a COVID-19 antibody titer in Saudi Arabia.

Mortality Predictors Among COVID-19 Elderly in Taif, Saudi Arabia
Infection and Drug Resistance, 17 September 2022
This article identifies determinants of COVID-19-related death in geriatric patients in Taif, Saudi Arabia.

Evaluation of Short-Term Symptoms Associated with COVID-19 Vaccines Used among Adolescents in Saudi Arabia
Cureus, 18 September 2022
This article assesses the short-term side effects of Pfizer-BioNTech or Moderna vaccinations against COVID-19 among teenagers in Saudi Arabia.

Effect of Helmet Noninvasive Ventilation vs Usual Respiratory Support on Mortality Among Patients with Acute Hypoxemic Respiratory Failure Due to COVID-19
Journal of the American Medical Association, 20 September 2022
This article evaluates whether helmet noninvasive ventilation compared with usual respiratory support reduces mortality in patients in Saudi Arabia with acute hypoxemic respiratory failure due to COVID-19 pneumonia.

The Impact of COVID-19 Pandemic on Internet Traffic in Saudi Arabia
Journal of King Abdulaziz University, 20 September 2022
This article analyzes internet traffic characteristics in Saudi Arabia during the COVID-19 pandemic and explores the impact of the pandemic on internet usage patterns.

COVID-19 Vaccine Had a Significant Positive Impact on Patients with SARS-COV-2 during the Third (Omicron) Wave in Saudi Arabia
Journal of Infection and Public Health, 21 September 2022
This article reports the findings of a retrospective study of infected COVID-19 patients during the third (Omicron) wave in a hospital in Saudi Arabia. It finds that Omicron variant symptoms among infected patients are generally milder compared to other variants and that prior COVID-19 vaccination may limit disease severity and need for hospitalization.

Assessment of Perceived Risk and Precautionary Behavior toward COVID-19 Pandemic Using the Health Belief Model, Saudi Arabia
Journal of the Egyptian Public Health Association, 21 September 2022
This article identifies behavioral responses of the health sciences university students in Saudi Arabia during the period of the COVID-19 pandemic and studies risk perceptions using the health belief model (HBM).

Assessment of Postgraduate Online Medical Education during the COVID-19 Pandemic in Saudi Arabia: A Cross-Sectional Study
Advances in Medical Education and Practice, 23 September 2022
This article provides qualitative and quantitative assessments of post-graduate online medical education during the COVID-19 pandemic in Saudi Arabia.

Hospital Pharmacists’ Awareness and Perspective toward the Management of COVID-19 Pandemic in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
Pharmacy Practice, 23 September 2022
This article investigates Saudi Arabian hospital pharmacists’ awareness of important facts about the COVID-19 disease and their source of information, as well as their perception.

The Impact of the COVID-19 Pandemic on the Prevalence of Computer Vision Syndrome among Medical Students in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
International Ophthalmology, 24 September 2022
This article estimates the prevalence of computer vision syndrome (CVS) among university medical students in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, after establishing remote learning during COVID-19 pandemic and compares settings of electronic device usage and patterns of CVS protective measures applied by students before and during this pandemic.

The Impact of COVID-19 on Pharmacy Education in Saudi Arabia
International Journal of Health Sciences Research, 26 September 2022
This article assesses the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on pharmacy teaching in Saudi Arabia. The authors reflect on their experience during the pandemic at King Saud University and discuss specific elements of the pharmacy school curriculum, including classroom instruction, laboratory work, and experiential learning.

Mental Health Impact of COVID-19 on Saudi Families and Children with Special Educational Needs and Disabilities in Saudi Arabia: A National Perspective
Frontiers in Public Health, 27 September 2022
This article explores the challenges, anxiety levels, and concerns of children with special educational needs and disabilities and their parents in Saudi Arabia during the COVID-19 pandemic.

Somalia

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Investigation of Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2 Antibodies among the Paediatric Population in Mogadishu, Somalia
Transactions of The Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, 15 September 2022
This article determines the level of immunoglobulins against COVID-19 circulating in children in Mogadishu and to evaluates other potential risk factors.

Prevalence of Acute Kidney Injury in COVID-19 Patients- Retrospective Single-Center Study
Infection and Drug Resistance, 17 September 2022
This article determines the prevalence of acute kidney injury (AKI) in COVID-19 patients in Mogadishu and explores the relationship between inflammatory markers, the severity of lung involvement, and acute kidney injury in COVID-19 patients.

Sudan

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Challenges of Online Medical Education in Khartoum Sudan during COVID-19 Pandemic 2021
Research Square, 12 September 2022
This working paper investigates the challenges of online medical education during the COVID-19 pandemic in Khartoum.

Adherence to COVID-19 Vaccine among Health Care Providers in Merowe Hospital in Rural Area at North Sudan
Journal of Pharmaceutical Research International, 26 September 2022
This article assesses the adherence to COVID-19 vaccines among health care providers in Merowe hospital in North Sudan.

Syria

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The Effects of Type III Traumatic Stressors of the Protracted Conflict and Prolonged COVID-19 on Syrians Internally Displaced: A Validation Study of Type III Continuous Traumatic Stressors and Their Impact
International Perspectives in Psychology: Research, Practice, Consultation, September 2022
This article aims to validate the type III continuous traumatic stress model assumptions and assess the effect of intersected traumas of civil war and COVID-19 stressors on internally displaced Syrian people.

Syndromic Surveillance of Respiratory Infections during Protracted Conflict: Experiences from Northern Syria 2016-2021
International Journal of Infectious Diseases, September 2022
This article investigates the trends of Early Warning and Response Network (EWARN) reported influenza-like illness (ILI) and severe acute respiratory illness (SARI) in northern Syria between 2016 and 2021 and the potential impact of COVID-19.

Guillain–Barré Syndrome Associated with COVID-19: Two Cases from a Public Hospital in Damascus, Syria
Case Reports in Medicine, 2 September 2022
This article reports on two cases of COVID-19 complicated with Guillain–Barré syndrome (GBS) from a public hospital in Damascus, Syria.

Tunisia

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Gender Differences in Coronavirus Disease-19 (COVID-19) in Tunisian Population
Journal of Innovations in Medical Research, September 2022
This article investigates whether gender influences the clinical presentation and/or the outcome of COVID-19 in the Tunisian population.

COVID-19 Prophylaxis with Doxycycline and Zinc in Health Care Workers: A Prospective, Randomized, Double-Blind Clinical Trial
International Journal of Infectious Diseases, 1 September 2022
This article assesses the efficacy of a combination treatment of doxycycline and zinc in the primary prevention of COVID-19 infection in Tunisian health care workers compared with two control groups.

The Psychological Impact of the COVID-19 Pandemic on Secondary School Teachers in Sfax, Tunisia : Anxiety Disorders
European Psychiatry, 1 September 2022
This article determines the prevalence and the factors for anxiety during the COVID-19 period among high school teachers in Sfax, Tunisia.

Effect of COVID-19 on the Ambient Air Pollution in Tunisia during 2020 and 2021 Years
Journal of Community Medicine and Health Solutions, 2 September 2022
This article shows that the gradual limitation of industrial activity and automobile traffic in Tunisia caused by COVID-19 pandemic protective measures have been accompanied by an apparent decrease in air pollution and air quality index in Tunisian regions, especially in the north and the center.

Perception of Tunisian Public Health Practitioners on the Role of Primary Health Care during the COVID-19 Pandemic
International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 5 September 2022
This article describes public health experts’ perceptions of the implication of Primary Health Care on managing the COVID-19 pandemic in Tunisia.

Women Entrepreneurs in Tunisia within the Context of the COVID-19: Constraints, Dilemmas and Resilience Behavior
Procedia Computer Science, 10 September 2022
This article examines the resilience behaviors of women entrepreneurs (WE) in Tunisia during the COVID-19 crisis. The authors explore this question through the life stories of nine women entrepreneurs.

Impact of Cardiorespiratory Rehabilitation Program on Submaximal Exercise Capacity of Tunisian Male Patients with Post-COVID-19: A Pilot Study
Frontiers in Physiology, 28 September 2022
This article evaluates the impact of a cardiorespiratory rehabilitation program (CRRP) on submaximal exercise capacity through the 6-min walk test (6MWT) data in post-COVID-19 Tunisian patients.

UAE

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Characteristics of Admissions to a Tertiary Psychiatric Hospital during the COVID-19 Pandemic: A Retrospective Observational Study
Oman Medical Journal, September 2022
This article studies the effect of the COVID-19 pandemic on the socio-demographic and clinical profiles of patients who were admitted to a tertiary psychiatric hospital in the UAE during 2020 compared with the corresponding period in 2019, and evaluates the effect of the pandemic on the mental healthcare system.

Parents’ Views on the Acceptability of a COVID-19 Vaccine for Their Children: A Cross-Sectional Study in Abu Dhabi-United Arab Emirates
Vaccine, 9 September 2022
This article  investigates parents’ attitudes and beliefs regarding the COVID-19 vaccine in Abu Dhabi, UAE. It finds that the acceptance rate of the COVID-19 vaccine is high among parents.

Experiences of Work-Related Stress Among Female Healthcare Workers During the COVID-19 Public Health Emergency: A Qualitative Study in the United Arab of Emirates
Psychology Research and Behavior Management, 21 September 2022
This article explores the lived experiences of work-related stress among female healthcare workers in United Arab of Emirates during the COVID-19 pandemic.

Analysis of SARS-CoV-2 Viral Loads in Stool Samples and Nasopharyngeal Swabs from COVID-19 Patients in the United Arab Emirates
PLOS One, 22 September 2022
This article investigates COVID-19 viral load trends in stools and nasopharyngeal swabs in the UAE and explore their correlation with multiple demographic and clinical factors.

The effect of lockdowns and distant learning on the health-related behaviours of school students in the United Arab Emirates
BMC Primary Care, 27 September 2022
This article assesses the effects of the lockdown and remote learning caused by the COVID-19 pandemic on the health-related behaviors of school students in the UAE.

Assessment and Evaluation of Psychological Status of Undergraduate College Students during COVID-19 Pandemic: A Cross-Sectional Study in the United Arab Emirates
International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 30 September 2022
This article assesses the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the psychological status of undergraduate university students in the UAE in terms of depression, anxiety, and stress.

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The Program on Arab Reform and Democracy (ARD) at CDDRL is pleased to announce the release of the September 2022 issue of Mofeed Digest, a periodic recap of the most important scholarly and policy publications, reports, and articles investigating the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the politics, economies, and societies of the Arab world.

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The Program on Arab Reform and Democracy (ARD) at CDDRL is pleased to announce the release of the August 2022 issue of Mofeed Digest, a periodic recap of the most important scholarly and policy publications, reports, and articles investigating the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the politics, economies, and societies of the Arab world.

Mofeed Digest is a feature of the Mofeed Project, an initiative that builds foundational resources for understanding how the politics and societies of the Arab world have adapted in light of the pandemic. The Mofeed Project is supported in part by the Open Society Foundation.

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Mofeed Digest (August 2022)

The following digest summarizes the most important scholarly and policy publications, reports, and articles covering the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the politics, economies, and societies of the Arab world. Mofeed Digest is produced by Mofeed Project Coordinator Serage Amatory.

[MENA | Algeria | Bahrain | Comoros | DjiboutiEgyptIraq| JordanLebanon| LibyaMorocco| OmanPalestine| Qatar| Saudi ArabiaSomalia| Sudan| SyriaTunisia| UAE| Yemen

 

MENA

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Putting MENA’s Pathogenic Variants on the Global Map
KAUST, August 2022
This article reports on the work of KAUST bioscientists to place some of the genetic information of the SARS-CoV-2 variants circulating in Saudi Arabia on the global map. The scientists also identified a link between disease severity and the virus’s nucleocapsid protein.

COVID-19 Policy Responses in the Arab Region: Limited Fiscal Space and Lack of Effective Social Protection Systems
UN ESCWA, August 2022
This report sheds light on social protection interventions as part of wider fiscal support measures implemented by governments in the Arab region to cushion the repercussions of the pandemic on private households. It focuses on intra- and cross-regional differences in social protection spending using information and figures of public announcements issued by governments and tracked by the COVID-19 Stimulus Tracker of the ESCWA.

COVID-19 and the Gendered Impacts on Adolescent Wellbeing: Evidence from a Cross-Sectional Study of Locally Adapted Measures in Ethiopia, Jordan, and Palestine
eClinical Medicine, 3 August 2022
This article explores relationships between gender, COVID-19 vulnerability, social protection, and adolescent wellbeing in three diverse contexts: Ethiopia, Jordan, and Palestine.

Women’s Employment and Care Work in MENA during the Pandemic
Economic Research Forum, 16 August 2022
This article assesses the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on women’s employment and gender disparities in the MENA region. It shows that the experience of the pandemic underscores the persistent gender inequality in unpaid care work in MENA, and the necessity of redressing gender norms underlying this inequality to allow women equal employment opportunities.

How the COVID Vaccine Rollout Exposed Inequality in the Middle East
Middle East Eye, 19 August 2022
This article shows how the pandemic and the subsequent rush towards vaccination underscored the tremendous gap between rich countries and poorer countries and also the immense inequities that exist between countries and regions themselves. The article points to the Middle East as the region where inequities have been most intense.

COVID, Care and the City: Perspectives from MENA
London School of Economics, 22 August 2022
This article inquires whether the interval of COVID-19 produced particular challenges and practices in the MENA region, and how these shifted over the period 2020-2022. The authors draw on contributions related to different urban centers including those in Lebanon, Egypt, and Tunis, and with a special focus on Palestine and Palestinians in Lebanon.

Modeling the Transmission Dynamics of COVID-19 Among Five High Burden African Countries    
Clinical Epidemiology,
26 August 2022
This article aims to understand the transmission dynamics of the coronavirus and its variants in five African countries, including South Africa, Morocco, Tunisia, Ethiopia, and Libya. The authors project that for the next 30 years, there will be around 86 million infected individuals and millions of deaths only in those five countries.

First, Do No Harm? The World Health Organization in the MENA Region
Arab Center Washington D.C., 26 August 2022
This article reflects on the successes and the failures of the World Health Organization in the MENA region during the COVID-19 pandemic. It identifies challenges facing the WHO in the region including the exodus of health professionals, resource-poor health facilities, and a lack of specialized resources for women, children, refugees, people with disabilities, the elderly, and nomadic groups.

Algeria

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Rapport D’Enquête pour L’Evaluation de L’Impact Socio-Economique de la Pandémie COVID-19 sur les Entreprises en Algérie
UNDP, 23 August 2022
This article reports the findings of a survey assessing the socio-economic impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on businesses in Algeria.

Bahrain

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Long Term Detection and Quantification of SARS-CoV-2 RNA in Wastewater in Bahrain
Journal of Hazardouz Materials Advances, August 2022
This article reports on a long-term quantification study in Bahrain to investigate the incidence of the SARS-CoV-2 RNA in wastewater during the COVID-19 pandemic.

Epidemiological Assessment of SARS-CoV-2 Reinfection
International Journal of Infectuous Diseases, August 2022
This article reports on the findings of a retrospective epidemiological study of 1362 COVID-19 reinfection cases in Bahrain between April 2020 and July 2021. The authors analyzed differences in disease severity and reinfection characteristics among various vaccination statuses: fully vaccinated, interrupted vaccination, one-dose vaccination, post-reinfection vaccination, and unvaccinated.

Demographic and Viral-Genetic Analyses of COVID-19 Severity in Bahrain Identify Local Risk Factors and a Protective Effect of Polymerase Mutations
medRxiv, 16 August 2022
This working paper analyzes paired viral sequencing and non-genetic host data to understand host and viral determinants of severe COVID-19 infections. The authors estimated the effects of demographic variables specific to the Bahrain population and found that the impact of health factors is largely consistent with other populations.

Maternal COVID-19 Disease and COVID-19 Immunization
Cureus, 23 August 2022

This article evaluates the immune response and vertical transmission of anti-severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) antibodies in vaccinated, expectant mothers infected with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) and studies the sequelae. The study was conducted on pregnant women at Bahrain Defense Force Hospital from March 2021 to September 2021.

Comoros

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COVID-19 : L’Engagement Communautaire des Femmes au Cœur de la Réponse aux Comores
World Health Organization, 25 July 2022
This article highlights the role of women communities in the Comoros in response to the COVID-19 pandemic.

Djibouti

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Impact of COVID-19 on Poverty in Djibouti
The Borgen Project, 3 August 2022
This article examines the impact of the protective measures enacted by the Djiboutian government in response to the COVID-19 pandemic on food security, income, unemployment, and women.

Egypt

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Post COVID-19 Firm-Level Government Support in Egypt: Uneven Allocation and Unequal Effects
Economic Research Forum, August 2022
This article explores the allocation and effectiveness of government support to firms in Egypt. Government support has helped mitigate the effects of COVID-19, with a significantly larger, favorable impact on smaller, younger and private firms.

Prevalence of COVID-19 in Egyptian Children with Hemoglobinopathies and Inherited Anemias
Journal of Pediatric Hematology/Oncology, August 2022
This article examines the prevalence of COVID-19 cases among children with hemoglobinopathies and other inherited anemias living in El-Minya Governorate, Egypt, who are at high risk of exposure to infection.

Modelling the Fourth Wave of COVID-19 Pandemic in Egypt
Journal of Mathematics and Computer Science, 11 August 2022
This article studies the dynamics of COVID-19 in Egypt using machine learning algorithms and the epidemiological model SEIR. Among the machine learning models studied, two models showed promising results (SVR, SEGPR).

Comorbidities and Outcomes among Patients Hospitalized with COVID-19 in Upper Egypt
The Egyptian Journal of Neurology, Psychiatry and Neurosurgery, 12 August 2022
This article aims to evaluate the impact of comorbidities in COVID-19 patients on the outcome and to determine predictors of prolonged hospital stay, requisite for intensive care unit (ICU) admission.

SARS-CoV-2 Genome Variations and Evolution Patterns in Egypt: A Multi-Center Study
Scientific Reports, 25 August 2022
This article reports on the study of 110 diagnosed positive COVID-19 patient’s samples collected from Kasr Al-Aini Hospital and the Children Cancer Hospital Egypt between May 2020 and January 2021. The viral genomes were sequenced by next generation sequencing, and phylogenetic analysis was performed to understand viral transmission dynamics.

Iraq

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The Role of Influenza Vaccination in the COVID-19 Infection: Impact on Incidence and Severity in Iraq
Journal of Applied Pharmaceutical Science, 4 August 2022
This article examines the role of the influenza vaccination in COVID-19 infections. It shows that influenza vaccination could be linked to better clinical outcomes and a lower COVID-19 severity score, without significant effect on the infection rate.

Analysis of Proinflammatory Cytokines in COVID -19 Patients in Baghdad, Iraq
Archives of Razi Institute, 10 August 2022
This article investigates the proinflammatory cytokines in patients with COVID -19 in Baghdad, Iraq. The most common clinical symptoms were cough, fever, and headache, while sore throat, gastrointestinal symptoms, chest pain, and loss of taste and smell were less common in COVID -19 patients.

Reinvigorating Medical Student Mentorships in Neurosurgery during the Pandemic: Lessons Learned from Iraq
Surgical Neurology International, 12 August 2022
This article discusses the Baghdad neurosurgery mentorship during the COVID-19 pandemic with notable comparison to the mentorship preceding the pandemic.

Contributing Factors in Whether Displaced Households Want to Receive Humanitarian Information from Humanitarian Actors: Iraq Multi-Cluster Needs Assessment
International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 16 August 2022
This article investigates factors related to desire of displaced households to receive humanitarian information. The authors show that the desire to receive humanitarian information was related to whether household members were unemployed due to COVID-19, displacement status, and walking time to reach the nearest health care facility and marketplace.

Measurement of the Serum Level of Leucine-Rich Alpha-2-Glycoprotein-1 in Hospitalized Iraqi COVID-19 Patients
Journal of Contemporary Medical Sciences, 26 August 2022
This article reports on the findings of a study aimed to assess Leucine-rich alpha-2-glycoprotein-1 biomarker serum level in hospitalized COVID-19 patients.

Disease Severity and Efficacy of Homologous Vaccination among Patients Infected with SARS-CoV-2 Delta or Omicron VOCs, Compared to Unvaccinated Using Main Biomarkers
Journal of Medical Virology, 27 August 2022
This article aims to establish the clinical severity of COVID-19 caused by Delta and Omicron SARS-CoV-2 variants among patients who either attended or were admitted to hospitals and to compare the effectiveness of Pfizer and AstraZeneca COVID-19 vaccines.

The Impact of COVID-19 Quarantine on Physical Activities in Basra, Iraq: A Cross-Sectional Study
Journal of Emerging Investigators, 30 August 2022
This article aims to determine the level of physical activity of the residents of Basra (the second-largest province in Iraq) during the COVID-19 quarantine according to sex, age, educational level, marital status, occupational/educational status, and health status.

Jordan

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Drivers of the Acceptance Of COVID-19 Vaccines in Jordan: The Moderating Role of a Pre-Existing Health Condition
Journal of Positive School Psychology, August 2022
This article investigates the drivers influencing the acceptance of COVID-19 vaccination in Jordan and examines the moderating role of pre-existing health conditions.

The Impact of an Educational Workshop on Counteracting Hesitancy toward the COVID-19 Vaccine among Pharmacy Students in Jordan
Journal of Applied Pharmaceutical Science, 4 August 2022
This article investigates the effect of clinical pharmacist-led education on counteracting hesitancy toward the COVID-19 vaccine and thus on the willingness to take it by pharmacy students in Jordan.

Attitudes towards COVID-19 Booster Vaccines, Vaccine Preferences, Child Immunization, and Recent Issues in Vaccination among University Students in Jordan
Vaccines, 4 August 2022
This article explores attitudes toward recent issues in vaccination among university students in Jordan. The authors inquired about COVID-19 vaccine preferences, factors affecting COVID-19 vaccine preferences, child vaccination, and booster vaccines.

Regional Connectivity Drove Bidirectional Transmission of SARS-CoV-2 in the Middle East during Travel Restrictions
Nature Communications, 15 August 2022
This article investigates the relative contributions of regional and intercontinental connectivity to the source-sink dynamics of SARS-CoV-2 for Jordan and the Middle East
.

Active Safety Surveillance of Four Types of COVID-19 Vaccines: A National Study from Jordan        
Clinical Drug Investigation,
23 August 2022
This article aims to investigate and compare the incidence, nature, severity, and predictors of adverse events following immunization (AEFIs) with COVID-19 vaccines.

Jordan: COVID-19 Impact on Micro-Businesses and Landless Labourers - Final Report (August 2022)
REACH, 29 August 2022
This article focuses on the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic (lockdown measures and restrictions, and their economic impacts) on agricultural microenterprises, income-generating activities, and income-diversification activities in Jordan. The enterprises and activities selected for this study correspond to four specific occupational groups: farming micro-businesses, food processing micro-businesses, artisanal micro-businesses, and landless laborers.

Kuwait

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Aggression and Violence during the Lockdown Caused by the COVID-19 Pandemic in Kuwait
Journal of Affective Disorders Reports, 18 August 2022
This article investigates whether there are significant sociodemographic differences in reported cases of physical and verbal aggression, anger, hostility, and violence among 815 Kuwaiti residents during the lockdown caused by the COVID-19 pandemic.

The Impact of the Coronavirus Pandemic on Children's Oral Health and Caregiver's Attitude towards Teledentistry: A Kuwait based study
Journal of Population Therapuetics and Clinical Pharmacology, 24 August 2022
This article aims to evaluate the impact of the coronavirus pandemic on children's oral health and caregiver's attitude towards teledentistry in Kuwait.

Lebanon

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Effect of COVID-19 on Mental Health among the Young Population in Lebanon
L'Encéphale, August 2022
This article investigates the prevalence of psychiatric symptoms related to insomnia, depression, and anxiety, and identifies risk factors contributing to psychological stress in the Lebanese young population during COVID-19 pandemic.

Older Adult Syrian Refugees and COVID-19 in Lebanon
Norwegian Refugee Council, 2 August 2022
This joint report by the Norwegian Refugee Council and the Faculty of Health Sciences at the American University in Beirut explores the challenges faced by older Syrian refugees in Lebanon during the COVID-19 pandemic.   

Fighting COVID-19 in a Multicrisis Context: The Case of Lebanon
Community, Economy and COVID-19, 24 August 2022
This article studies the way in which the pandemic was successfully managed in the short term in Lebanon, but also how the lack of sustainable policies, low government trust, and limited monetary means led to an economic catastrophe and eventual large-scale spread of COVID-19.

The Impact of COVID-19 Pandemic, Financial Wellness, and Online Teaching on Schoolteachers’ Mental Health: A Cross-Sectional Study in Lebanon
International Journal of Clinical Research, 26 August 2022
This article aims to assess stress, anxiety, and depression levels among Lebanese schoolteachers based on the COVID-19 outbreak, the Lebanese economic crisis, and online education.

Menstrual Health and Period Poverty in Lebanon during Economic Crisis: A Qualitative Analysis of the Challenges and Recommendations
Frontiers in Reproductive Health, 26 August 2022
This article aims to explore stakeholder's perspective on the Lebanese public health policy regarding menstrual health, the evolving challenges it faces in the context of the current economic collapse and the COVID-19 pandemic, and to suggest recommendations for solutions.

COVID-19 Mortality Surveillance in Lebanon
Scientific Reports, 27 August 2022
This article documents the Lebanese experience of COVID-19 mortality surveillance and provides an analysis of the epidemiological characteristics of confirmed deaths.

Libya

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Labour Market Access for Migrants in Libya and the Impact of COVID-19
International Labour Organization, August 2022
This report aims to advance the understanding of (1) migrants’ access to employment and the role of labor intermediaries, (2) employment characteristics and conditions of migrant workers, and (3) the impact of COVID-19 on migrant’s ability to access the labor market in Libya and to sustain their livelihoods.

Morocco 

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Prevalence and Severity of Gastrointestinal Symptoms in COVID-19 Patients in Casablanca: A Retrospective Cohort Study
Cureus, 9 August 2022
This article aims to determine the prevalence of digestive symptoms among COVID-19 patients in Casablanca and to assess the correlation between these symptoms and disease severity.

Analysis and Dynamics of a Mathematical Model to Predict Unreported Cases of COVID-19 Epidemic in Morocco
Computational and Applied Mathematics, 20 August 2022
This article aims to study the mathematical modeling of undetected cases of the novel coronavirus in Morocco.

Real-world Study of the Effectiveness of BBIBP-CorV (Sinopharm) COVID-19 Vaccine in the Kingdom of Morocco
BMC Public Health, 20 August 2022
This article reports the findings of a retrospective cohort study to determine real-world BBIBP-CorV vaccine (Sinopharm) effectiveness against serious or critical hospitalization of individuals RT-PCR-positive for SARS-CoV-2 during the first five months of BBIBP-CorV use in Morocco.

Phylogeography and Genomic Analysis of SARS-CoV-2 Delta Variant in Morocco
The Journal of Infection in Developing Countries, 30 August 2022
This article reports on the analysis of a total of 2130 genomes of the delta variant circulating around the world in order to monitor the evolution of these variants in Morocco. Authors also included 164 Moroccan delta variant sequences in their analysis.

Oman

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Assessing COVID-19 Vaccine’s Acceptability amongst Health Care Workers in Oman: A Cross-Sectional Study
Journal of Infection and Public Health, August 2022
This article aims to estimate the acceptability of COVID-19 vaccines among healthcare workers in Oman.

Oman's COVID-19 Publication Trends: A Cross-Sectional Bibliometric Study
Public Health in Practice, August 2022
This article aims to assess the COVID-19 research output in Oman.

Reverse Immigration Effects for Expatriates in Oman During the COVID-19 Pandemic Shock
International Advances in Economic Research, 15 August 2022
This article investigates whether the COVID-19 pandemic shock had a negative impact on expatriates in the host country (Oman), and it identifies heterogeneous effects among different ethnic groups.

COVID-19 WhatsApp Sticker Memes in Oman
Discourse and Society, 31 August 2022
This article examines the form and function of personalized COVID-19 WhatsApp sticker memes created and shared as social laments by citizens in Oman.

Palestine

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The Palestinian Health-Care Providers’ Perceptions, Challenges and Human Rights-Related Concerns during the COVID-19 Pandemic
International Journal of Human Rights in Healthcare, 11 August 2022
This article aims to explore health-care providers’ perceptions, perspectives, challenges, and human rights-related concerns during the COVID-19 Pandemic in Palestine.

Severe Chest Imaging Findings of Coronavirus Disease from March to November 2020 in Palestine
European Journal of Medical and Health Sciences, 16 August 2022
This article aims to provide a thorough analysis of imaging manifestations of patients infected with severe COVID-19 in Palestine.

Seroprevalence of SARS-CoV-2 Antibodies among Vaccinated and Non-Vaccinated Adults in the West Bank: Results of a Repeated Cross-Sectional Study
Vaccines, 17 August 2022
This article aims to assess the seroprevalence rate among a random sample of Palestinians residing in the West Bank region of Palestine, especially among those who were not vaccinated and not diagnosed. The authors also measured the percentage of adult Palestinians who accepted to get vaccinated across gender and age groups.

Knowledge, Attitudes, and Beliefs Perception Regarding COVID-19 Vaccination among the General Population of Gaza Strip-Palestine
International Journal of Clinical Science and Medical Research, 22 August 2022
This article aims to assess the knowledge, attitude and the beliefs perception regarding COVID -19 and vaccination among a convenience sample of general Palestinian adults. 

Qatar

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The Association between Tobacco Use and COVID-19 in Qatar           
Preventive Medicine Reports,
August 2022                                                               
This article aims to determine the prevalence of tobacco use among COVID-19 patients in Qatar, and to examine the relationship between tobacco use and hospitalized COVID-19 (non-severe and severe), and quantify its risk factors.

Barriers to Practicing COVID-19 Preventive Behaviors among Migrant Workers in Qatar: A Qualitative Study during the First Wave of the Pandemic
International Journal of Public Health, 4 August 2022
This article aims to identify the limitations facing MACWs (Manual and Craft Workers) in Qatar towards practicing the COVID-19 preventive measures and thereby designing behavioral change strategies.

Cardiovascular Risks and Outcome in COVID-19 Positive Patients with Cardiovascular Disease Attending Primary Health Care Corporation in Qatar: A Retrospective Cohort Study
MayoClinic Proceedings - Innovations, Quality & Outcomes Journal, 8 August 2022
This article aims to report whether cardiovascular diseases increase the risk for hospitalization and further complications in COVID-19 patients in Qatar

Protection of Omicron Sub-Lineage Infection Against Reinfection with Another Omicron Sub-Lineage
Nature Communications, 9 August 2022
This article aims to investigate immune protection of infection with one sub-lineage against reinfection with the other sub-lineage in Qatar during a large BA.1 and BA.2 Omicron wave, from December 2021 to March 2022.

Immune Protection Against SARS-CoV-2 Re-Reinfection and Immune Imprinting
medRxiv, 24 August 2022
This working paper from Qatar provides evidence that having two SARS-CoV-2 infections, one with a pre-Omicron variant followed by one with an Omicron subvariant, elicits stronger protection against future Omicron-subvariant reinfection than having had only one infection with an Omicron subvariant.

Dynamics of Anti-S IgG Antibodies Titers after the Second Dose of COVID-19 mRNA and non-mRNA Vaccines in the Manual and Craft Worker Population of Qatar
medRxiv, 25 August 2022
This working paper aims to generate evidence on long-term anti-S IgG antibodies titers and their dynamics in individuals in Qatar who have completed a primary COVID-19 vaccination schedule. 

Saudi Arabia

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Physical Activity Knowledge, Attitude, and Behaviours among Adolescents in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia Prior to and during COVID-19 Restrictions
Journal of Obesity, 2 August 2022
This article investigates the factors associated with physical activity (PA) prior to and during the coronavirus disease of 2019 (COVID-19) among middle school students in Jeddah, KSA.

Outcome after Single Dose of ChAdOx1 Vaccine Against SARS-CoV-2 Infection at 16 Weeks Post-Vaccination among Healthy Adults in Saudi Arabia
Annals of Saudi Medicine, 4 August 2022
This assesses the rate of subsequent infection and immunogenicity of a single dose of ChAdOx1 vaccine against SARS-CoV-2 infections at 16 weeks post-vaccination in a sample of healthy and young participants in Saudi Arabia.

Knowledge, Attitude, and Practice of Infection Control Measurement during COVID-19 Pandemic among Dental Assistant in Hafar Al-Batin, Saudi Arabia
International Journal of Innovative Research in Medical Science, 5 August 2022
This article assesses knowledge and awareness about infection control measurement during the COVID-19 pandemic among dental assistants in Hafar Al-Batin in Saudi Arabia.

Transmission and Cleaning Misconception during the COVID-19 Pandemic Time in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
Cureus, 7 August 2022
This article aims to investigate the knowledge and attitude of the public in Saudi Arabia toward the concept of surface decontamination during the COVID-19 pandemic.

The Attitudes of Public-School Teachers towards E-learning in Saudi Arabia
Arab World English Journal, 10 August 2022                                                           
This investigates the attitudes of Saudi public-school teachers towards e-learning during the COVID-19 pandemic and documents their views concerning its advantages and disadvantages.

Monkeypox Caused Less Worry than COVID-19 among the General Population during the First Month of the WHO Monkeypox Alert: Experience from Saudi Arabia
Travel Medicine and Infectious Disease, 11 August 2022                                      
This article assesses the Saudi public's perception, worries, and vaccine acceptance for Monkeypox and COVID-19 during the first month of announcement by the World Health Organization.

Seroprevalence and Longevity of SARS-CoV-2 Nucleocapsid Antigen-IgG among Health Care Workers in a Large COVID-19 Public Hospital in Saudi Arabia: A Prospective Cohort Study
PLOS ONE, 12 August 2022
This article aims to describe the prevalence of SARS-CoV-2 IgG in healthcare workers in Saudi Arabia and to perform 8 months longitudinal follow-up (FU) to assess the duration of detectable IgG. It also aims to explore the risk factors associated with positive SARS-CoV-2 IgG.

Determinants of Post-COVID-19 Conditions among SARS-CoV-2-Infected Patients in Saudi Arabia: A Web-Based Cross-Sectional Study
Diseases, 23 August 2022                                                                                   
This article describes the incidence of post-COVID-19 conditions among the general population of Saudi Arabia.

Knowledge, Attitude and Barriers toward COVID-19 Vaccine among Adults in Eastern Province, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, 2021, Web-Based Study International Journal of Advanced Research, 26 August 2022
This article aims to assess the knowledge, attitude, and barriers toward COVID-19 vaccine among Saudi adults in the Eastern Province.

The Impact of Ramadan during COVID-19 Confinement on Weight, Dietary, and Lifestyle Habits in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia: A Cross-Sectional Study        
BMC Public Health,
30 August 2022                                                                           
This article aims to investigate the influence of COVID-19 lockdown measures during Ramadan fasting on weight change in 481 participants in Saudi Arabia.

Prevalence of Depression and Its Associated Factors among Patients with Confirmed COVID-19 in Makkah, Saudi Arabia
Frontiers in Psychiatry, 30 August 2022
This article aims to evaluate the prevalence of depression and its associated factors among confirmed patients with COVID-19 in Makkah in Saudi Arabia.

Clinical Characteristics, Outcomes and Prognostic Factors for Critical Illness in Hospitalized COVID-19 Patients in Saudi Arabia: A Retrospective Cohort Study
International Journal of General Medicine, 31 August 2022                                
This article aims to correlate clinical and laboratory characteristics of hospitalized COVID-19 patients to disease outcome in Saudi Arabia. 

Somalia

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Effect of COVID-19 Pandemic on Female Sexual Function in Women with Female Genital Mutilation
Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, 18 August 2022 
This article evaluates the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on female sexual function in women with female genital mutilation (FGM) in Somalia.

Sudan

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The Impact of COVID-19 on Middle East and North Africa (MENA) Labor Market: The Case of Sudan 
Economic Research Forum, August 2022                                                                   
This article shows how workers in Sudan suffered from temporary or permanent layoffs/suspensions (without pay), delays in wage payment, reduced earnings or delayed payments, and changes in personal net monthly wage during the COVID-19 pandemic. It also provides policy recommendations to increase government support to manage the impact of COVID-19 on the labor market and the provision of social protection for workers in Sudan and MENA countries.

Syria

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Knowledge and Attitudes about Influenza and the Common Cold in Syria Post COVID-19: A Qualitative Study  
Annals of Medicine and Surgery,
August 2022
This article estimates the level of knowledge regarding the common cold and the influenza diseases among the Syrian population during the COVID-19 pandemic. It shows that the public still cannot distinguish between the two diseases.

Another Crisis in the Sorrowland: COVID-19 in Northeast Syria
Journal of Global Health, August 2022
This article discusses the realities of COVID-19 infections and vaccination in the context of the conflict in north east Syria. It shows how refugees and internally displaced persons (IDPs) in camps and informal settlements have some of the greatest risks for infectious disease spread.

The Quality of Syrian Healthcare Services during COVID-19: A HEALTHQUAL Approach
Frontiers in Public Health, 11 August 2022
This article evaluates the perceived healthcare service quality in Syria during the COVID-19 pandemic based on hospital type (public and private). The authors argue that crowdedness environment, medical staff availability and their low salaries, pricing policies as well as the health insurance system, are to blame for the low perceived quality.

Rare case of Pneumoperitoneum in Nonintubated COVID-19 Patient 
Clinical Case Reports, 19 August 2022
This article reports the rare case of a 50-year-old female patient with COVID-19 presented to the emergency department at Aleppo University Hospital where supplementary oxygen is delivered via noninvasive face mask ventilation and where X-ray imaging confirmed the existence of pneumoperitoneum.

Tunisia

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Navigating through the COVID-19 Pandemic: Unfinished Learning in Primary and Secondary Education in Tunisia
Journal for International Comparative and Multicultural Education, 3 August 2022
This article sheds light on the different measures taken in Tunisia to curb learning loss during the spread of the COVID-19 pandemic as well as the challenges facing Tunisian students and the government.

Hospital Bed Capacity Across in Tunisia Hospital during the First Four Waves of the COVID-19 Pandemic: A Descriptive Analysis
medRxiv, 25 August 2022
This working paper aims to analyze bed occupancies for public hospitals and time delay response from the health care system in regard to the epidemiological situation in Tunisia during the first four waves of the COVID-19 pandemic.  

UAE

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The Impact of COVID-19 Pandemic on Customers’ Spending Behavior in the United Arab Emirates
International Journal of Business Management, August 2022                            
This article examines the effect of the COVID-19 pandemic on consumer spending behavior in the United Arab Emirates (UAE). It finds that the spending behavior of UAE residents during the pandemic has not changed much compared to the pre-pandemic period, despite that some have lost a portion of their income.

A Review of the Environmental Implications of the COVID-19 Pandemic in the United Arab Emirates
Environmental Challenges, August 2022                                                                  
This article reviews the environmental implications associated with the COVID-19 pandemic at the individual and community levels in the UAE. It found that the positive effects include improved air quality and reduced contamination of public spaces with pollutants, while negative effects include poor disposal of medical plastic waste and facemasks and the rise in unhygienic health practices amongst residents of the UAE.

The Impact of the COVID-19 Lockdown on Physical Therapy Undergraduates and Their Families. A Qualitative Study from the United Arab Emirates
International Journal of General Medicine, 1 August 2022                                   
This article explores the physical activities of advanced undergraduate physical therapy students and their families during the COVID-19 lockdown and discusses how participants helped promote and maintain their own and their family’s physical health during the pandemic. It also identifies what knowledge and skills from their physical therapy studies the students utilized during the lockdown.

Human Albumin Solution Utilization Patterns Prior and During COVID-19 Pandemic in United Arab Emirates: Time to Develop and Implement National Guideline on Prescribing and Utilization                                                                      
Narra Journal,
1 August 2022                                                                                       
This article identifies albumin utilization patterns in a multi-specialty private hospital in Dubai, United Arab Emirates (UAE), before and during the COVID-19 epidemic in the country. It demonstrates the importance of reconsidering the prescribing strategies for albumin administration.

Pulmonary Thromboembolism in COVID-19 Patients on CT Pulmonary Angiography - A Single-Centre Retrospective Cohort Study in the United Arab Emirates                                                                                                              
Journal of Surgery and Research,
26 August 2022
This article aims to identify the prevalence and distribution of pulmonary thromboembolism in COVID-19 infected patients at Shiekh Khalifa Medical City in the UAE. 

Genomic Epidemiology and Emergence of SARS-CoV-2 Variants of Concern in the United Arab Emirates                                                                                   
Scientific Reports, 29 August 2022                                                                              
This article aims to characterize the epidemiology, transmission pattern, and emergence of variants of concerns (VOCs) and variants of interests (VOIs) of SARS-CoV-2 in the UAE, followed by the investigation of mutations associated with hospitalized cases.

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Detection of Short-Term Side Effects of ChAdOx1 nCoV-19 Vaccine: A Cross-Sectional Study in a War-Torn Country                                               
Pragmatic and Observational Research,
25 August 2022                                     
This article identifies the type and frequency of short-term side effects following 48 hours of the first shot of the chAdOx1 nCoV-19 vaccine in Yemen.

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The Program on Arab Reform and Democracy (ARD) at CDDRL is pleased to announce the release of the August 2022 issue of Mofeed Digest, a periodic recap of the most important scholarly and policy publications, reports, and articles investigating the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the politics, economies, and societies of the Arab world.

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