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Working Papers

Local Government Reform in China in the Past Ten Years: An Evaluation based on the Chinese Local Governance Innovation Awards

Yang Xuedong
CDDRL Working Paper, 2013 June 1, 2013

Abstract: This paper discusses several issues regarding innovations in Chinese local governments in the past 10 years, through analyzing past applications of the Chinese Local Governance Innovations Awards since its establishment, as well as complementary surveys. These issues include the current state, distribution, types, motivations, sustainability and impacts of local governance innovations. The research concludes that local innovations must be evaluated and analyzed against the backdrop of social and political development in China.

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Working Papers

Reforming the Yemen Security Sector

Amb. Marwan Noman, David S. Sorenson
CDDRL Working Papers, 2013 June 1, 2013

This paper reviews the process of security sector reform taking place in Yemen during the transitional period after the 2011 uprising.

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Commentary

Americans and Their Military, Drifting Apart

Karl Eikenberry, David Kennedy
The New York Times, 2013 May 26, 2013

Stanford's Karl Eikenberry and David Kennedy discuss the implications of America's switch to an all-volunteer force. The consequences go beyond the military itself, impacting Congress, Presidents, and the general public. They conclude that the growing civil-military divide threatens the health of the American democracy.

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Working Papers

Does it Pay to be a Cadre? Estimating the Returns to Being a Local Official in Rural China

John Giles, Scott Rozelle, Jian Zhang
CDDRL Working Paper, 2013 April 1, 2013

Recruiting and retaining leaders and public servants at the grass-roots level in developing countries creates a potential tension between providing sufficient returns to attract talent and limiting the scope for excessive rent-seeking behavior. In China, researchers have frequently argues that village cadres, who are the lowest level of administrators in rural areas, exploit personal political status for economic gain.

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Working Papers

Perverse Complimentarity: Political Connections and the Use of Courts among Private Firms in China

Yuen Yuen Ang, Nan Jia
CDDRL Working Paper, 2013 April 1, 2013

We examine whether and how political connections influence the use of courts in transitional and authoritarian settings using survey data of over 3,900 private firms in China. Although political connections are normally associated with “using the back door,” we find that politically connected firms are more inclined than unconnected firms to use courts over informal means of dispute resolution.

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Working Papers

Rural China: Poor Governance in Strong Development

Zhao Shukai
CDDRL Working Papers, 2013 April 1, 2013
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Working Papers

Understanding the Quality of Government in China: The Cadre Administration Hypothesis

Bo Rothstein
CDDRL Working Papers, 2013 April 1, 2013

China’s remarkable development poses a problem for theories that have stressed the importance of institutions producing “good governance” and minimizing corruption.

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Working Papers

Performance Legitimacy, State Autonomy and China's Economic Miracle

Dingxin Zhao, Hongxing Yang
CDDRL Working Papers, 2013 April 1, 2013

All the theories that explain post-Mao China’s economic success tend to attribute it to one or several “successful” policies or institutions of the Chinese government, or to account for the success from economic perspectives. This article argues that the success of the Chinese economy relies not just on the Chinese state’s economic policy but also on its social policies.

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Working Papers

Land Takings and Political Trust in Rural China

Dali Yang, Ernan Cui, Ran Tao, Travis J. Warner
CDDRL Working Papers, 2013 April 1, 2013
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Working Papers

Social Fragmentation, Public Goods and Elections: Evidence from China

Nancy Qian, Gerard Pedro-i-Miquel, Yang Yao
CDDRL Working Papers, 2013 April 1, 2013

This study examines the influence of voter heterogeneity, measured as religious fractionalization, on how the introduction of elections affects public goods in rural China. We document religious composition and the introduction of village-level elections for over two hundred villages and examine the interaction effect of average heterogeneity and the introduction of elections on village-government provision of public goods.

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Working Papers

The Quality of Governance in China: A Citizen's View

Anthony Saich
CDDRL Working Papers, 2013 April 1, 2013
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Working Papers

Authoritarian Parochialism: Local Congressional Representation in China

Melanie Manion
CDDRL Working Papers, 2013 April 1, 2013

This paper draws on evidence from loosely structured interviews and data from original surveys of 5,130 delegates in township, county, and municipal congresses to argue that congressional representation unfolds as authoritarian parochialism in China. It makes three new arguments. First, popularly elected local congresses that once only mechanically stood in for the Chinese mass public, through demographically descriptive and politically symbolic representation, now work as substantively representative institutions.

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Working Papers

Internal Government Assessments of the Quality of Governance in China

Martin Dimitrov
CDDRL Working Papers, 2013 April 1, 2013

Authoritarian governments produce internal assessments of the quality of governance that allow them to identify and address brewing problems before they threaten regime stability. This paper provides a theory of how the information necessary to produce such assessments is gathered. The empirical focus of the paper is on China, which is used to illustrate how information-gathering channels in communist autocracies differ from those used in electoral autocracies.

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Journal Articles

Political Participation and Democratic Transition in the Arab Word

Lina Khatib
University of Pennsylvania Journal of International Law, 2013 April 1, 2013

A paper released by CDDRL Arab Reform and Democracy Program Manager, Lina Khatib addresses the challenges and opportunities for political participation  in Tunisia and Egypt post-Arab Spring. Published in the University of Pennsylvania Journal of International Law, Khatib argues that while there are challenges following the democratic transitions a new opening for political parties and civil society in the Arab world is in the making.

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Books

Transitions to Democracy: A Comparative Perspective

Kathryn Stoner, Michael A. McFaul, Beatriz Magaloni, Abbas Milani, Gregory Domber, Ray Jennings
The Johns Hopkins University Press, 2013 March 12, 2013

As demonstrated by current events in Tunisia and Egypt, oppressive regimes are rarely immune to their citizens’ desire for democratic government. Of course, desire is always tempered by reality; therefore how democratic demands are made manifest is a critical source of study for both political scientists and foreign policy makers. What issues and consequences surround the fall of a government, what type of regime replaces it, and to what extent are these efforts successful?

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Journal Articles

Qatar's Foreign Policy: The Limits of Pragmatism

Lina Khatib
International Affairs, 2013 March 1, 2013

Qatar has become an Arab country with a high international profile and an ambitious foreign policy, particularly as a result of its role in the Arab Spring. It has cultivated a reputation as a political mediator and a key source of foreign aid. Following the Libyan uprising, Qatar demonstrated further political adaptability in leading regional action against the Gaddafi regime.

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Working Papers

What is Governance?

Francis Fukuyama
2013 February 1, 2013

This paper points to the poor state of empirical measures of the quality of states, that is, executive branches and their bureaucracies. Much of the problem is conceptual, since there is very little agreement on what constitutes high-quality government. The paper suggests four approaches: (1) procedural measures, such as the Weberian criteria of bureaucratic modernity; (2) capacity measures, which include both resources and degree of professionalization; (3) output measures; and (4) measures of bureaucratic autonomy.

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Policy Briefs

For Each and Every Child: A strategy for Education Equity and Excellence

Mariano-Florentino Cuéllar, The Equity and Excellence Commission
2013 February 1, 2013

Selection from the report (Foreword by the commission co-chairs):

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Policy Briefs

Crowdsourcing for Democracy: New Era in Policy-Making

Tanja Aitamurto
Committee for the Future, Parliament of Finland, 2012 December 31, 2012

By drawing on several cases around the world, this book illuminates the role of crowdsourcing in policy-making. From crowdsourced constitution reform in Iceland and participatory budgeting in Canada, to open innovation for services and crowdsourced federal strategy process in the United States, the book analyzes the impact of crowdsourcing on citizen agency in the public sphere. It also serves as a handbook with practical advice for successful crowdsourcing in a variety of public domains.

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Policy Briefs

اصلاح القطاع الأمني في مصر: المعضلات والتحديات

عمر عاشور
مشروع بروكينجز الدوحة وجامعة ستانفورد للتحولات العربية, 2012 December 31, 2012
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Policy Briefs

التصويت من أجل التغيير: المخاطر والاحتمالات التي تواجه أول انتخابات التحولات العربية

الين لاست
مشروع بروكينجز الدوحة و جامعة ستانفورد للتحولات العربية, 2012 December 31, 2012

تقدم  أول انتخابات بعد سقوط الأنظمة السلطوية فرصة مهمة للجهات الفاعلة على الصعيدين المحلي والدولي لتعزيز العمليات الانتقالية. تبحث هذه الورقة أفضل السبل لدعم الممارسات الديمقراطية في الانتخابات القادمة، بناء على الدروس التي قدمتها تجربتا مصر وتونس.

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Policy Briefs

ريادة الأعمال الإجتماعية: لماذا هي مهمة بعد الربيع العربي؟

اليزابيث باكنر, سارينا بيجيس, د. لينا الخطيب
, 2012 December 31, 2012

 تعلق هذه الورقة على التحديات والفرص التي تواجه ريادة الأعمال الاجتماعية في العالم العربي بعد الربيع العربي، مع توصيات  السياسة العامة لتنمية المجتمع. وتحلل الورقة النتائج التي توصلت إليها 

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Policy Briefs

صياغة دستور مصر: هل يمكن لاطار قانوني أن يعيد إحياء عملية الانتقال؟

د. تامر مصطفى
عن مشروع بروكينجز الدوحة و جامعة ستانفورد للتحولات العربية, 2012 December 31, 2012

 تم إصدار أول ورقة بحثية ضمن "مشروع مركز بروكنجز الدوحة و جامعة ستانفورد للتحولات لعربية"  للدكتور/ تامر مصطفى - الباحث بجامعة سيمون فريزر بكندا، وهي بعنوان: "صياغة دستور مصر: هل يمكن لاطار قانوني أن يعيد إحياء عملية الانتقال؟" من خلال التركيز على الحالة المصرية، يلقي الدكتور/ تامر مصطفى  الضوء على بعض القصور الذي شاب عملية صياغة الدستور في مصر وذلك لتقديم الدروس المستفادة من هذه الحالة إلى الدول العربية الأخرى التى على وشك البدء في عملية صياغة الدستور.

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Journal Articles

Morocco: Outfoxing the Opposition

Ahmed Benchemsi
Journal of Democracy, 2012 December 31, 2012

Morocco was not immune to the 2011 upheavals in the Arab world, but the country’s monarchy deftly managed the crisis through cosmetic constitutional reform.

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