Publications

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    Journal Article

    International Organization/Cambridge Core, 2016

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    Working Paper

    Dima Dabbous
    CDDRL Working Papers, 2016

    Abstract

    In light of the legal issues raised by the Special Tribunal for Lebanon (STL) trial (April to June 2015) against the Lebanese Al-Jadeed television on charges of contempt of court and obstruction of justice, the present paper seeks to assess the state of freedom of expression in Lebanon and the role played by the Lebanese judiciary in defining this right and delineating its limits, especially when it clashes with another right—in this case the right to protect one’s dignity in general, and the dignity of the judicial body in specific.

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    Book

    Alberto Díaz-Cayeros, Beatriz Magaloni, Federico Estévez
    Cambridge University Press, 2016, 2016

    Poverty relief programs are shaped by politics. The particular design that social programs take is, to a large extent, determined by the existing institutional constraints and politicians' imperative to win elections. The "Political Logic of Poverty Relief" places elections and institutional design at the core of poverty alleviation. The authors develop a theory with applications to Mexico about how elections shape social programs aimed at aiding the poor.

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    Journal Article

    Brenda Jarillo Rabling, Beatriz Magaloni, Edgar Franco Vivanco, Gustavo Robles
    International Journal of Educational Development, 2016

    In this paper published by the International Journal of Educational Development, we investigate the impact of drug-related violence in Mexico on academic achievement. We use panel of elementary and lower secondary schools and locality-level firearm homicides from 2006 to 2011. We rely on school fixed-effects models to estimate the impact on math test scores of turf war exposure and turf war persistence (e.g. months of exposure) during the academic year. According to the results, both exposure and persistence of criminal violence reduces math test scores.

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    Working Paper

    Dinsha Mistree, Dinsha Mistree
    CDDRL Working Papers, 2016

    Abstract

    Why do some government agencies start with more autonomy than others? Conventional studies of autonomy at genesis are few and far between, with most of this sparse literature focusing on why a single founder—usually a politician—unilaterally chooses to delegate power to the new agency. In this article, I suggest that the decision to bestow autonomy to a new agency is not always made by a single founder alone. Instead, politicians must sometimes rely upon other actors to create a new government agency.

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    Working Paper

    Eric McGhee, Boris Shor
    CDDRL Working Papers, 2016

    Abstract

    The Top Two primary is one of the most interesting and closely-watched political reforms in the United States in recent years.  This radically open primary system removes much of the formal role for parties in the primary election and even allows for two candidates of the same party to face each other in the fall. An important goal of this reform has been to elect more moderate candidates to public office.

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    Journal Article

    Brenda Jarillo Rabling, Brenda Jarillo Rabling, Beatriz Magaloni, Edgar Franco Vivanco, Gustavo Robles
    International Journal of Educational Development, Vol. 51, page(s): 12, 2016

    In this paper published by the International Journal of Educational Development, we investigate the impact of drug-related violence in Mexico on academic achievement.

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    Working Paper

    Yuen Yuen Ang
    CDDRL Working Papers, 2016

    Abstract

    Are Weberian bureaucracies a precondition for capitalist markets or is it the other way around? According to the developmental school, state bureaucracies organized along Weberian precepts is necessary for successful state-led growth. Yet some level of economic wealth also appears to be necessary for achieving such desirable institutions.

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    Book

    Larry Diamond, Marc Plattner, Christopher Walker, Larry Diamond
    Johns Hopkins University Press, 2016

    About the Book

    Over the past decade, illiberal powers have become emboldened and gained influence within the global arena. Leading authoritarian countries—including China, Iran, Russia, Saudi Arabia, and Venezuela—have developed new tools and strategies to contain the spread of democracy and challenge the liberal international political order.

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    Working Paper

    Francis Fukuyama, Francis Fukuyama
    CDDRL Working Papers, 2016

    Abstract

    I am very happy to have the opportunity to revisit my ideas about Chinese governance, and to offer some speculations about its future.
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    Working Paper

    Brett Carter, Brett Carter
    CDDRL Working Papers, 2016

    Abstract

    Does dependence on development aid from Western sources constrain the use of repression among autocrats? To answer this question, I employ a novel dataset of Africa's post-Cold War autocracies in which the unit of analysis is the country-day rather than the country-year. This day-level dataset enables me to address three potential sources of bias that obscure the relationship between Western aid dependence and repression.

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    Journal Article

    Megan Palmer , David Relman, Frank Fukuyama
    Science, 2015

    Management of emerging risks in life science and technology requires new leadership and a sober assessment of the legacy of Asilomar.

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    Working Paper

    Beatriz Magaloni, Vanessa Melo, Edgar Franco
    CDDRL Working Papers, 2015

    Abstract:

    This paper evaluates the causal impact of Rio de Janeiro’s Pacifying Police Units (UPPs), probably the largest–scale police reform initiative taking place in the developing world. The main goals of the UPPs were: 1) to regain control of territories previously dominated by armed criminal groups; and 2) to improve security for these communities through reduction of lethal violence. In the course of six years, more than 9,000 police officers were permanently assigned to the UPPs, servicing close to half million residents in the city slums (favelas).

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    Working Paper

    Beatriz Magaloni, Vanessa Melo, Edgar Franco Vivanco
    CDDRL Working Papers, page(s): 53, 2015

    This paper evaluates the causal impact of Rio de Janeiro’s Pacifying Police Units (UPPs), probably the largest–scale police reform initiative taking place in the developing world. The main goals of the UPPs were: 1) to regain control of territories previously dominated by armed criminal groups; and 2) to improve security for these communities through reduction of lethal violence.

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    Book

    Larry Diamond, Yun-han Chu, Larry Diamond, Kharis Templeman, Ph.D.
    Lynne Rienner Publishing, 2015

    At the end of Chen Shui-bian’s two terms as the president of Taiwan, his tenure was widely viewed as a disappointment, if not an outright failure.

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    Working Paper

    Kharis Templeman
    2015

    The Republic of China on Taiwan has long reserved legislative seats for its indigenous minority, the yuanzhumin. While most of Taiwan’s political institutions were transformed as the island democratized, the dual aborigine constituencies continue to be based on an archaic, Japanese-era distinction between “mountain” and “plains” aborigines that corresponds poorly to current conditions.

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    Policy Brief

    Beatriz Magaloni, Alberto Díaz-Cayeros, Brenda Jarillo Rabling
    International Crime and Violence Lab, 2015

    Jóvenes con Porvenir is a public-funded program run by the government of Zapopan. This pioneering policy initiative was designed and implemented in response to the major social and economic challenges affecting young people. The program offers scholarships to young men and women not enrolled in school, so they can attend vocational training courses regardless of their employment status.

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    Journal Article

    Nathaniel Persily
    2015

    In "The American Interest", Nate Persily discusses the challenge of applying current regulatory frameworks to the world of online campaigns and digital technology. Campaign regulations were created for television, but as Citizens United shows, online campaigns will require different constitutional considerations.

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    Journal Article

    Bruce E. Cain, Bruce E. Cain
    2015

    Bruce Cain argues in "The American Interest" that greater transparency can undermine good governance by allowing undue influence of discrete interests and by creating inefficiencies. However, more transparency is needed in bureaucratic policy implementation through private contractors and organizations. 

     
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    Journal Article

    Stephen J. Stedman, Stephen J. Stedman
    2015

    Stephen Stedman argues in 'The American Interest" that efforts to improve American electoral integrity through reforms such as non-partisan election administration can protect the vote and restore public faith in the electoral process. American election administration falls short of international standards for conducting elections, and can be improved in significant ways. 

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    Journal Article

    Didi Kuo, Didi Kuo
    2015

    In an article in the American Interest, Didi Kuo argues that understanding the causes of polarization -- whether rooted in a polarized electorate, or rooted in the ideological extremism of campaign donors and candidates -- has different implications on political reforms. If polarization is an elite phenomenon, institutional and legal reforms have a much greater chance of success. 

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    Journal Article

    Larry Diamond, Larry Diamond
    2015

    In an article in "The American Interest", Larry Diamond advocates electoral system reforms, including top-two and ranked-choice voting, as a potential antidote to partisan polarization. Such reforms could decrease the likelihood of extremist candidates, could increase the potential for third-party candidates, and could ensure fewer wasted votes. 

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    Journal Article

    Francis Fukuyama, Francis Fukuyama
    2015

    Francis Fukuyama discusses Congress's dysfunctional budgetary politics in "The American Interest", asking why the United States is one of the only advanced democracies under constant threat of government shutdown. Given America's peculiar institutions, technical and institutional reforms to the budgeting process may be limited in their impact. 

     

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    Commentary

    Sarina Beges-Thysen
    Stanford Social Innovation Review, 2015

    View the original article on the Stanford Social Innovation Review website here.

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