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Books

New Challenges for Maturing Democracies in Korea and Taiwan

Larry Diamond, Gi-Wook Shin
Stanford University Press, 2014 January 1, 2014

New Challenges for Maturing Democracies in Korea and Taiwan takes a creative and comparative view of the new challenges and dynamics confronting these maturing democracies.

Numerous works deal with political change in the two societies individually, but few adopt a comparative approach—and most focus mainly on the emergence of democracy or the politics of the democratization processes. This book, utilizing a broad, interdisciplinary approach, pays careful attention to post-democratization phenomena and the key issues that arise in maturing democracies.

“As two paradigmatic cases of democratic development, Korea and Taiwan are often seen as exemplars of both modernization and democratization. This volume both contributes and moves beyond this focus, looking forward to assess the maturation but also the risks to democracy in both countries. With its strong comparative focus and a sober appreciation of how hard it can be not to just to attain but to sustain democracy, it represents a major contribution."  

     — Benjamin Reilly, Dean, Sir Walter Murdoch School of Public Policy and International Affairs, Murdoch University

What emerges is a picture of two evolving democracies, now secure, but still imperfect and at times disappointing to their citizens—a common feature and challenge of democratic maturation. The book demonstrates that it will fall to the elected political leaders of these two countries to rise above narrow and immediate party interests to mobilize consensus and craft policies that will guide the structural adaptation and reinvigoration of the society and economy in an era that clearly presents for both countries not only steep challenges but also new opportunities.

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Larry Diamond is a Senior Fellow at the Hoover Institution and the Freeman Spogli Institute for International Studies at Stanford. He is also Director of Stanford's Center on Democracy, Development, and the Rule of Law. Gi-Wook Shin is Director of the Walter H. Shorenstein Asia-Pacific Research Center, the Tong Yang, Korea Foundation, and Korea Stanford Alumni Chair of Korean Studies, and Professor of Sociology at Stanford.

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Working Papers

The Economic Costs of Drug-Trafficking Violence in Mexico

Gustavo Robles, Beatriz Magaloni, Gabriela Calderón
2013 December 31, 2013

The levels of violence in Mexico have dramatically increased in the last few years due to structural changes in the drug trafficking business. The increase in the number of drug trafficking organizations (DTOs) fighting over the control of territory and trafficking routes has resulted in a substantial increase in the rates of homicides and other crimes. This study evaluates the economic costs of drug-related violence. We propose electricity consumption as an indicator of the level of municipal economic activity and use two different empirical strategies to test this.

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Journal Articles

Traditional Governance, Citizen Engagement and Local Public Goods: Evidence from Mexico

Alberto Diaz-Cayeros, Beatriz Magaloni, Alexander Ruiz Euler
World Development, 2013 December 31, 2013

We study the governance of public good provision in poor communities in Oaxaca, Mexico. We estimate the effect of usos y costumbres—a form of participatory democracy prevalent in indigenous communities—on the provision of local public goods. Because governance is endogenous, we address selection effects by matching on municipal characteristics and long-term settlement patterns.

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Policy Briefs

Understanding the Entrepreneurship Ecosystem in Tunisia and Egypt

Amr Adly
Center for International Private Enterprise, 2013 December 16, 2013

Why has private entrepreneurship in Egypt and Tunisia remained underdeveloped despite decades of economic liberalization and private sector-friendly incentives and reforms? And how can the entrepreneurship ecosystem in the two countries develop in order to meet the people’s high expectations of having a productive and just socio-economic order? These are the research questions that will be addressed by the CIPE/Stanford upcoming joint report "Reforming entrepreneurship ecosystems in post-revolutionary Egypt and Tunisia.

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Working Papers

The Mexican War on Drugs: Crime and the Limits of Government Persuasion

Beatriz Magaloni, Alberto Díaz-Cayeros, Vidal Romero
CDDRL Working Papers, 2013 October 1, 2013
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Working Papers

A Hole at the Center of the State: Prison Gangs and the Limits to Punitive Power

Benjamin Lessing
CDDRL Working Papers, 2013 October 1, 2013
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Working Papers

How do Crime and Violence Impact Presidential Approval? Examining the Dynamics of the Mexican Case

Beatriz Magaloni, Vidal Romero, Alberto Díaz-Cayeros
CDDRL Working Papers, 2013 October 1, 2013
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Working Papers

Myopic Solutions to Chronic Problems: The Need for Aid Effectiveness in Yemen

Fatima Abo al-Asrar
CDDRL Working Papers, 2013 August 1, 2013

This paper offers a close analysis of the key challenges facing the foreign aid sector in Yemen, and presents recommendations to the government of Yemen and the international donor community to make aid to Yemen more effective.

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Working Papers

Sectarianism and Political Participation in Iraq

Marina Ottaway
2013 July 1, 2013

This short paper addresses the relationship between sectarianism and political participation in Iraq.

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Working Papers

The Copts, the Nation, and the Revolution

Laure Guirguis
2013 July 1, 2013

This paper addresses the position of Copts in Egypt during the transition period in 2013.

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Working Papers

Yemen’s Transition: Electoral Challenges and Opportunities for Reform

Zeinab Abdelkarim, Eric Hodachok, Danielle Monaco
CDDRL Working Papers, 2013 July 1, 2013

This paper addresses electoral reform in Yemen in the transitional period following the 2011 uprising.

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Working Papers

Syrian Minorities between Underprivileged Protection and Due Political Representation

Laila Alodaat
2013 July 1, 2013

This paper addresses the future of the political representation of minorities in Syria following the 2011 uprising and the ensuing period of unrest.

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Working Papers

Yemeni Women in Transition: Challenges and Opportunities

Jamila Ali Raja
CDDRL Working Papers, 2013 July 1, 2013

This paper addresses the role of women in the political process in Yemen during the transitional period following the 2011 revolution.

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Working Papers

Local Government Reform in China in the Past Ten Years: An Evaluation based on the Chinese Local Governance Innovation Awards

Yang Xuedong
CDDRL Working Paper, 2013 June 1, 2013

Abstract: This paper discusses several issues regarding innovations in Chinese local governments in the past 10 years, through analyzing past applications of the Chinese Local Governance Innovations Awards since its establishment, as well as complementary surveys. These issues include the current state, distribution, types, motivations, sustainability and impacts of local governance innovations. The research concludes that local innovations must be evaluated and analyzed against the backdrop of social and political development in China.

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Working Papers

Reforming the Yemen Security Sector

Amb. Marwan Noman, David S. Sorenson
CDDRL Working Papers, 2013 June 1, 2013

This paper reviews the process of security sector reform taking place in Yemen during the transitional period after the 2011 uprising.

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Commentary

Americans and Their Military, Drifting Apart

Karl Eikenberry, David Kennedy
The New York Times, 2013 May 26, 2013

Stanford's Karl Eikenberry and David Kennedy discuss the implications of America's switch to an all-volunteer force. The consequences go beyond the military itself, impacting Congress, Presidents, and the general public. They conclude that the growing civil-military divide threatens the health of the American democracy.

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Working Papers

Does it Pay to be a Cadre? Estimating the Returns to Being a Local Official in Rural China

John Giles, Scott Rozelle, Jian Zhang
CDDRL Working Paper, 2013 April 1, 2013

Recruiting and retaining leaders and public servants at the grass-roots level in developing countries creates a potential tension between providing sufficient returns to attract talent and limiting the scope for excessive rent-seeking behavior. In China, researchers have frequently argues that village cadres, who are the lowest level of administrators in rural areas, exploit personal political status for economic gain.

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Working Papers

Perverse Complimentarity: Political Connections and the Use of Courts among Private Firms in China

Yuen Yuen Ang, Nan Jia
CDDRL Working Paper, 2013 April 1, 2013

We examine whether and how political connections influence the use of courts in transitional and authoritarian settings using survey data of over 3,900 private firms in China. Although political connections are normally associated with “using the back door,” we find that politically connected firms are more inclined than unconnected firms to use courts over informal means of dispute resolution.

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Working Papers

Rural China: Poor Governance in Strong Development

Zhao Shukai
CDDRL Working Papers, 2013 April 1, 2013
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Working Papers

Understanding the Quality of Government in China: The Cadre Administration Hypothesis

Bo Rothstein
CDDRL Working Papers, 2013 April 1, 2013

China’s remarkable development poses a problem for theories that have stressed the importance of institutions producing “good governance” and minimizing corruption.

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