Protest, demonstrations and social unrest have been increasingly prevalent across the European Union. European citizens appear ever more discontent with their national governments and with ‘Europe'. Reforms and policies aimed at countering the challenges of the economic crises and increased global competition are met by strong public opposition. Recent student movements protesting against educational reforms, strikes and massive anti-austerity demonstrations in many European capitals, protest votes for extreme right or left political parties are just some of these manifestations.
Virtually all human societies were once organized tribally, yet over time most developed new political institutions which included a central state that could keep the peace and uniform laws that applied to all citizens. Some went on to create governments that were accountable to their citizens. We take these institutions for granted, but they are absent or are unable to perform in many of today's developing countries-with often disastrous consequences for the rest of the world.
Yemen Between Regime Survival and Systemic Change - Arabic version (اليمن بين خيارات بقاء النظام أو التغيير المنظم)
تحلل هذه الورقة الخيارات التي تواجه اليمن، والرئيس اليمني علي عبد الله صالح، في ضوء الاحتجاجات الداعية إلى الإصلاح الديمقراطي في البلاد في مطلع العام 2011.
هذه الورقة تطرح وتقيم الخيارات الممكنة للرئيس وتقترح خارطة طريق محتملة كوسيلة لحل الأزمة.
This paper explores the options facing Yemen and President Ali Abdullah Saleh in light of the protests calling for democratic reform in the country in early 2011.
The paper maps out and assesses possible options for President Saleh and proposes a potential roadmap as a way to resolve the crisis.
What accounts for variation in the durability of authoritarian regimes in the post-colonial Middle East? This working paper presents a new explanation that underscores how the geopolitical environment mediated outcomes of domestic conflicts pitting early rulers against social opposition.
The internet is enabling new approaches to public diplomacy. The Digital Outreach Team at the US Department of State is one such initiative, aiming to engage directly with citizens in the Middle East through posting messages about US foreign policy on popular Arabic, Urdu, and Persian language internet forums. This permits them to present the US administration's views on issues related to American foreign policy in a transparent manner. This case study assesses the process and reach of this new method of internet diplomacy.