The Program on Arab Reform and Democracy Publications

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Journal Article

The Transformation of the Arab World

Olivier Roy
Journal of Democracy , 2012

In this article, Oliver Roy argues that in order to grasp what is happening in the Middle East, a number of deep-rooted prejudices must be set aside. First among them is the assumption that democracy presupposes secularization; the democratization movement in the Arab world came precisely after thirty years of what has been called the “return of the sacred,” an obvious process of re-Islamization of everyday life, coupled with the rise of Islamist parties. The second is the idea that a democrat must also, by definition, be a liberal.

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Policy Brief

Voting for Change: The Pitfalls and Possibilities of First Elections in Arab Transitions

Ellen Lust
BDC-Stanford Project on Arab Transitions , 2012
The first elections after the fall of authoritarian regimes present an important opportunity for both local and international actors to strengthen transitional processes.
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Policy Brief

Drafting Egypt's New Constitution Policy Paper

Tamir Moustafa
BDC-Stanford Project on Arab Transitions , 2012

This is the first paper in the BDC-Stanford Project on Arab Transitions series, authored Dr. Tamir Moustafa of Simon Fraser University in Canada and entitled “Drafting Egypt’s New Constitution: Can a New Legal Framework Revive a Flawed Transition?”.

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Journal Article

Constitutions as Peace Treaties: A Cautionary Tale for the Arab Spring

Allen S. Weiner
Stanford Law Review , 2011

In societies in transition, efforts to resolve deep divisions or fundamental disagreements about the nature of society through constitutional drafting may sharpen political differences and heighten the political salience of controversial issues or social cleavages. Seeking a constitutional resolution of the most contested issues may discourage the development of an approach to political relations in which all parties commit to a vision of the future in which there is an acceptable, or at least bearable role, for all other parties.

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Journal Article

Iraq: Between the Present and the Future

Lina Khatib
Middle East Journal of Culture and Communication , 2011
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Journal Article

Hizbullah's Political Strategy

Lina Khatib
Survival , 2011
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Working Paper

Yemen Between Regime Survival and Systemic Change - Arabic version (اليمن بين خيارات بقاء النظام أو التغيير المنظم)

Abdul Nasser Al Muwaddah, عبدالناصر المودع
CDDRL Working Paper , 2011

تحلل هذه الورقة الخيارات التي تواجه اليمن، والرئيس اليمني علي عبد الله صالح، في ضوء الاحتجاجات الداعية إلى الإصلاح الديمقراطي في البلاد في مطلع العام 2011.

هذه الورقة تطرح وتقيم الخيارات الممكنة للرئيس وتقترح خارطة طريق محتملة كوسيلة لحل الأزمة.

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Working Paper

Yemen Between Regime Survival and Systemic Change - English version

Abdul Nasser Al Muwaddah
CDDRL Working Paper , 2011

This paper explores the options facing Yemen and President Ali Abdullah Saleh in light of the protests calling for democratic reform in the country in early 2011.

The paper maps out and assesses possible options for President Saleh and proposes a potential roadmap as a way to resolve the crisis.

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Working Paper

Authoritarian State Building in the Middle East: From Durability to Revolution

Sean Yom
CDDRL Working Paper , 2011

What accounts for variation in the durability of authoritarian regimes in the post-colonial Middle East?  This working paper presents a new explanation that underscores how the geopolitical environment mediated outcomes of domestic conflicts pitting early rulers against social opposition.

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Working Paper

Public Diplomacy 2.0: An Exploratory Case Study of the Digital Outreach Team

Lina Khatib, William Dutton, Michael Thelwall
CDDRL Working Papers , 2011

The internet is enabling new approaches to public diplomacy. The Digital Outreach Team at the US Department of State is one such initiative, aiming to engage directly with citizens in the Middle East through posting messages about US foreign policy on popular Arabic, Urdu, and Persian language internet forums. This permits them to present the US administration's views on issues related to American foreign policy in a transparent manner. This case study assesses the process and reach of this new method of internet diplomacy.

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