This paper will assess the "quality of democracy" in India and Bangladesh. This paper we will argue that the democratic successes and failures are in large measure a function of the socio-political milieu within which the democratic transitions took place in both states. It will also argue that despite a range of striking shortcomings India has made significant progress in a number of arenas toward enhancing the quality of democracy. Bangladesh, on the other hand, has failed to make similar progress. Instead there is much evidence that suggests that the quality of democracy in Bangladesh is actually regressing.