Dr. Jaana Remes is a partner at the McKinsey Global Institute (MGI), McKinsey's business and economics research arm, based in San Francisco. Since 2003, Jaana has led MGI's research on productivity, urbanization, competitiveness, and growth. Her most recent research looks at cities and the shifting global company landscape, the rising urban consuming class and shifting economic power of cities, as well as the patterns of urban growth and renewal across the Americas. Prior to joining MGI, Jaana was a consultant on McKinsey corporate finance and strategy projects in the US and Mexico. She received her Ph.D. on applied economies from Stanford University and an MSc degree in economics and philosophy from the University of Helsinki, Finland.