Environment

Environment

FSI scholars approach their research on the environment from regulatory, economic and societal angles. The Center on Food Security and the Environment weighs the connection between climate change and agriculture; the impact of biofuel expansion on land and food supply; how to increase crop yields without expanding agricultural lands; and the trends in aquaculture. FSE’s research spans the globe – from the potential of smallholder irrigation to reduce hunger and improve development in sub-Saharan Africa to the devastation of drought on Iowa farms. David Lobell, a senior fellow at FSI and a recipient of a MacArthur “genius” grant, has looked at the impacts of increasing wheat and corn crops in Africa, South Asia, Mexico and the United States; and has studied the effects of extreme heat on the world’s staple crops.

Recent Scholarly Publications

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AIDS, Reversal of the Demographic Transition and Economic Development: Evidence from Africa

September 2005

This paper presents empirical evidence on a specific mechanism through which demographic transition affects economic growth.

Identity, Social Distance, and Palestinian Support for the Roadmap

August 2004

Suicide attacks occur in the context of a conflict between warring groups, supported by an organization and sometimes even by families and communities which proudly sacrifice their children.

Global Standards; Global Growth?

August 2004

This volume centers on the movement toward global legal standards, an increasingly recognized dimension of the quest to improve the rule of law.

A Theory of Endogenous Institutional Change

August 2004

This paper asks (a) why and how institutions change; (b) how does an institution persist in a changing environment and (c) how do processes that it unleashes lead to its own demise.

Dams and Development: Transnational Struggles For Water and Power

August 2004

Big dams built for irrigation, power, water supply, and other purposes were among the most potent symbols of economic development for much of the twentieth century.

Defining and Domesticating the Electoral Model: A Comparison of Slovakia and Serbia

May 2006

The transitions to democracy in the postcommunist region over the past decade and one-half share a common dynamic, featuring the interaction between two sets of factors.

Inside Rebellion: The Politics of Insurgent Violence

October 2006

Some rebel groups abuse noncombatant populations, while others exhibit restraint.

World Religions and Democracy

March 2005

Can religion be compatible with liberal democracy?

Oil-Led Development: Social, Political, and Economic Consequences

January 2007

Proponents of oil-led development believe that countries lucky enough to have "black gold" can base their development on this resource.

America's Real Russian Allies

November 2001

September's attacks initiated a new era of world politics. As Washington scrambles to build its antiterror coalition, it may be tempted to overlook the antidemocratic excesses of its partners.

U.S. Needs to Support Free and Fair Elections in Russia

December 1995

The increasing prospect of a communist and nationalist victory in Russia's parliamentary elections this month has fueled doubts about whether Russia's presidential election, scheduled for next June...

The Troubled Birth of Russian Democracy: Politics Parties, Programs, and Profiles

December 1993

The demise of communism in the Soviet Union could not have occurred without the activism of dissident, anticommunist leaders who created a climate that gave ordinary Russians the courage to stand...

International Law, Fifth Edition

July 2007

Thoroughly updated to keep pace with the many new developments in international law, the Fifth Edition of this popular casebook covers the core topics, basic doctrines, and a broad range of foreign...

Foreword to "Federalism and Ethnic Conflict in Nigeria"

December 2001

Nigeria is Africa's most populous country; its citizens are perhaps the best educated on the continent. It is the world's sixth-largest producer of oil.

Democratization in Africa

December 1999

Democratization in Africa examines the state of progress of democracy in Africa at the end of the 1990s.

Consolidating Democracy in the Americas

March 1997

Although democracy is generally considered to be thriving in the Americas, it is in reality shallow and less stable than is assumed.

The Hole in the Whole: Sovereignty, Shared Sovereignty, and International Law

December 2004

Ideally, a body of law comprises a set of coherent and consistent rules. These rules contribute to the creation of an environment that is predictable, efficacious, and just.

Organized Hypocrisy in nineteenth-century East Asia

August 2001

Every international system or society has a set of rules or norms that define appropriate behaviors. These norms are, however, never obeyed in an automatic fashion.

Abiding Sovereignty

July 2001

Over the several hundred years during which the rules of sovereignty including non-intervention and the exclusion of external authority have been widely understood, state control could never be...

The Paradox of Plenty: Oil Booms and Petro-States

December 1997

The Paradox of Plenty explains why, in the midst of two massive oil booms in the 1970s, oil-exporting governments as different as Venezuela, Iran, Nigeria, Algeria, and Indonesia chose common...

The Limits to Competition

December 1995

How can Europe, the United States, and Japan stop the technological, trade, and financial war on which they have increasingly and wastefully embarked?

Understanding the Resource Curse

December 2005

In most resource-rich countries, natural wealth does not translate into prosperity for the majority of inhabitants, but instead leads to environmental and economic devastation, and hampers...

The Social and Political Consequences of Oil

December 2005

In recent years our usage and understanding of different types of energy has grown at a tremendous rate.

Crude Calculations: OPEC Lessons for Caspian Leaders

December 2000

This timely study is the first to examine the relationship between competition for energy resources and the propensity for conflict in the Caspian region.

People

Stephen P. Luby Senior Fellow Professor, Medicine (CHP/PCOR)
Beatriz Magaloni Senior Fellow Professor, Political Science
Alberto Díaz-Cayeros Senior Fellow Professor, by courtesy, Political Science
John Meyer Professor, Sociology, Emeritus
Francisco Ramirez Professor, Education