Publications

Filter:

Filter results Close
    Policy Brief

    Beatriz Magaloni, Beatriz Magaloni, Alberto Díaz-Cayeros, Brenda Jarillo Rabling
    International Crime and Violence Lab, page(s): 20, 2017

    Jóvenes con Porvenir is a public-funded program run by the government of Zapopan. This pioneering policy initiative was designed and implemented in response to the major social and economic challenges affecting young people. The program offers scholarships to young men and women not enrolled in school, so they can attend vocational training courses regardless of their employment status.

    Show body
    Book

    Beatriz Magaloni, Federico Estévez, Federico Estévez
    Cambridge Press, 2016, 2017

    Poverty relief programs are shaped by politics. The particular design that social programs take is, to a large extent, determined by the existing institutional constraints and politicians' imperative to win elections. The "Political Logic of Poverty Relief" places elections and institutional design at the core of poverty alleviation. The authors develop a theory with applications to Mexico about how elections shape social programs aimed at aiding the poor.

    Show body
    Case Studies

    Kate Gasparro
    2017

    This case follows the development of the Inga 3, the third hydroelectric plant to be built on the Inga River in the Democratic Republic of Congo.  The Inga 3, with a capacity of 3,000 MW, would provide clean energy to the continent and a next step for President Obama’s Power Africa Initiative.

    Show body
    Book

    Dayna L. Barnes
    Cornell University Press, 2017

    The Allied occupation of Japan is remembered as the "good occupation." An American-led coalition successfully turned a militaristic enemy into a stable and democratic ally. Of course, the story was more complicated, but the occupation did forge one of the most enduring relationships in the postwar world. Recent events, from the occupations of Iraq and Afghanistan to protests over American bases in Japan to increasingly aggressive territorial disputes between Asian nations over islands in the Pacific, have brought attention back to the subject of the occupation of Japan.

    Show body
    Book

    Miguel Centeno, Atul Kohli, Deborah J. Yashar, Dinsha Mistree
    Cambridge University Press, 2017

    "What should states in the developing world do and how should they do it? How have states in the developing world addressed the challenges of promoting development, order, and inclusion? States in the developing world are supposed to build economies, control violence, and include the population. How they do so depends on historical origins and context as well as policy decisions.

    Show body
    Working Paper

    Francis Fukuyama, Margaret Boittin, Gregory Distelhorst
    CDDRL Working Papers, 2016

    How should the quality of government be measured across disparate national contexts? This study develops a new approach using an original survey of Chinese civil servants and a comparison to the United States. We surveyed over 2,500 Chinese municipal officials on three organizational features of their bureaucracies: meritocracy, individual autonomy, and morale. They report greater meritocracy than U.S. federal employees in almost all American agencies. China's edge is smaller in autonomy and markedly smaller in morale. Differences between the U.S.

    Show body
    Journal Article

    International Organization/Cambridge Core, 2016

    Show body
    Working Paper

    Dima Dabbous
    CDDRL Working Papers, 2016

    Abstract

    In light of the legal issues raised by the Special Tribunal for Lebanon (STL) trial (April to June 2015) against the Lebanese Al-Jadeed television on charges of contempt of court and obstruction of justice, the present paper seeks to assess the state of freedom of expression in Lebanon and the role played by the Lebanese judiciary in defining this right and delineating its limits, especially when it clashes with another right—in this case the right to protect one’s dignity in general, and the dignity of the judicial body in specific.

    Show body
    Book

    Alberto Díaz-Cayeros, Beatriz Magaloni, Federico Estévez
    Cambridge University Press, 2016, 2016

    Poverty relief programs are shaped by politics. The particular design that social programs take is, to a large extent, determined by the existing institutional constraints and politicians' imperative to win elections. The "Political Logic of Poverty Relief" places elections and institutional design at the core of poverty alleviation. The authors develop a theory with applications to Mexico about how elections shape social programs aimed at aiding the poor.

    Show body
    Journal Article

    Brenda Jarillo Rabling, Beatriz Magaloni, Edgar Franco Vivanco, Gustavo Robles
    International Journal of Educational Development, 2016

    In this paper published by the International Journal of Educational Development, we investigate the impact of drug-related violence in Mexico on academic achievement. We use panel of elementary and lower secondary schools and locality-level firearm homicides from 2006 to 2011. We rely on school fixed-effects models to estimate the impact on math test scores of turf war exposure and turf war persistence (e.g. months of exposure) during the academic year. According to the results, both exposure and persistence of criminal violence reduces math test scores.

    Show body
    Case Studies

    Julia Oliver
    2016

    Guillermo López Suárez, the new head of El Salvador’s port authority, faces a dilemma: how to get the brand new La Unión port running. Plans made by the previous, right-wing government to find a private operator for the $187 million port had stalled in the National Assembly. In addition, a number of expensive technical problems had become clear over the course of the port’s construction. To make matters worse, the current administration faced opposition to privatization of the port from within its own party, which had radical Marxist elements.

    Show body
    Working Paper

    Dinsha Mistree, Dinsha Mistree
    CDDRL Working Papers, 2016

    Abstract

    Why do some government agencies start with more autonomy than others? Conventional studies of autonomy at genesis are few and far between, with most of this sparse literature focusing on why a single founder—usually a politician—unilaterally chooses to delegate power to the new agency. In this article, I suggest that the decision to bestow autonomy to a new agency is not always made by a single founder alone. Instead, politicians must sometimes rely upon other actors to create a new government agency.

    Show body
    Working Paper

    Eric McGhee, Boris Shor
    CDDRL Working Papers, 2016

    Abstract

    The Top Two primary is one of the most interesting and closely-watched political reforms in the United States in recent years.  This radically open primary system removes much of the formal role for parties in the primary election and even allows for two candidates of the same party to face each other in the fall. An important goal of this reform has been to elect more moderate candidates to public office.

    Show body
    Journal Article

    Brenda Jarillo Rabling, Brenda Jarillo Rabling, Beatriz Magaloni, Edgar Franco Vivanco, Gustavo Robles
    International Journal of Educational Development, Vol. 51, page(s): 12, 2016

    In this paper published by the International Journal of Educational Development, we investigate the impact of drug-related violence in Mexico on academic achievement.

    Show body
    Working Paper

    Yuen Yuen Ang
    CDDRL Working Papers, 2016

    Abstract

    Are Weberian bureaucracies a precondition for capitalist markets or is it the other way around? According to the developmental school, state bureaucracies organized along Weberian precepts is necessary for successful state-led growth. Yet some level of economic wealth also appears to be necessary for achieving such desirable institutions.

    Show body
    Case Studies

    Lucas Beard
    2016

    This case examines the decision process concerning the 2011 $3 billion loan proposal from the China Development Bank (CDB) to the Government of Ghana. The Ghanaian Parliament chose to accept the Master Facility Agreement in December 2011. The loan has several conditions detractors identified that could negatively impact Ghana’s future oil revenues and debt structure.

    Show body
    Case Studies

    Leah Nosal
    2016

    By the late 1990s, decades of rural migration and population growth in New Delhi, India had caused enormous strain on public services and infrastructure. A public utility company, the Delhi Vidyut Board (DVB), managed the generation, transmission, and distribution of electricity in this burgeoning megacity. Like many other state electricity boards (SEBs) across India, the DVB reported consistent financial losses due to rampant theft, under-billing, and difficulty collecting payments.

    Show body
    Book

    Larry Diamond, Marc Plattner, Christopher Walker, Larry Diamond
    Johns Hopkins University Press, 2016

    About the Book

    Over the past decade, illiberal powers have become emboldened and gained influence within the global arena. Leading authoritarian countries—including China, Iran, Russia, Saudi Arabia, and Venezuela—have developed new tools and strategies to contain the spread of democracy and challenge the liberal international political order.

    Show body
    Case Studies

    Jessie Bullock
    2016

    The asparagus industry in Ica, Peru exports asparagus across the world and is the economic engine of the region. The rapid expansion of the region, however, has caused a water shortage and both groundwater and aboveground water sources are being depleted faster than they are being replenished.

    Show body
    Working Paper

    Francis Fukuyama, Francis Fukuyama
    CDDRL Working Papers, 2016

    Abstract

    I am very happy to have the opportunity to revisit my ideas about Chinese governance, and to offer some speculations about its future.
    Show body
    Working Paper

    Brett Carter, Brett Carter
    CDDRL Working Papers, 2016

    Abstract

    Does dependence on development aid from Western sources constrain the use of repression among autocrats? To answer this question, I employ a novel dataset of Africa's post-Cold War autocracies in which the unit of analysis is the country-day rather than the country-year. This day-level dataset enables me to address three potential sources of bias that obscure the relationship between Western aid dependence and repression.

    Show body
    Case Studies

    Daniel Kharitonov
    2016

    The new, reformist government of Mikheil Saakashvili that came to power following the 2004 Rose Revolution needed to dramatically upgrade public services, beginning with the police. The police in Georgia were underpaid, poorly trained, and rife with corruption, but reforming them would be very expensive and potentially dangerous.  The new government ended up sidelining thousands of existing officers, hiring and training a new cadre, and dramatically increasing their salaries.

    Show body
    Case Studies

    Michael Goldfien
    2016

    “Georgia’s Healthcare System” focuses on healthcare reform in Georgia following the 2003 Rose Revolution. In particular, it examines the lead-up to the 2012 parliamentary elections as the opposition Georgian Dream coalition considers the possibility of creating a state-funded universal healthcare program. Despite some progress in recent years, only 50 percent of Georgia’s population has either privately or publically funded health insurance.

    Show body
    Journal Article

    Megan Palmer , David Relman, Frank Fukuyama
    Science, 2015

    Management of emerging risks in life science and technology requires new leadership and a sober assessment of the legacy of Asilomar.

    Show body
    Working Paper

    Beatriz Magaloni, Vanessa Melo, Edgar Franco
    CDDRL Working Papers, 2015

    Abstract:

    This paper evaluates the causal impact of Rio de Janeiro’s Pacifying Police Units (UPPs), probably the largest–scale police reform initiative taking place in the developing world. The main goals of the UPPs were: 1) to regain control of territories previously dominated by armed criminal groups; and 2) to improve security for these communities through reduction of lethal violence. In the course of six years, more than 9,000 police officers were permanently assigned to the UPPs, servicing close to half million residents in the city slums (favelas).

    Show body

    Pages