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Michael A. McFaul
Journal Articles

Russia’s Road to Autocracy

Michael A. McFaul
Journal of Democracy , 2021
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Books

Transitions to Democracy: A Comparative Perspective

Kathryn Stoner, Michael A. McFaul, Beatriz Magaloni, Abbas Milani, Gregory Domber, Ray Jennings
The Johns Hopkins University Press , 2013

As demonstrated by current events in Tunisia and Egypt, oppressive regimes are rarely immune to their citizens’ desire for democratic government. Of course, desire is always tempered by reality; therefore how democratic demands are made manifest is a critical source of study for both political scientists and foreign policy makers. What issues and consequences surround the fall of a government, what type of regime replaces it, and to what extent are these efforts successful?

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Books

Democracy and Authoritarianism in the Postcommunist World

Michael A. McFaul, Kathryn Stoner-Weiss, Valerie Bunce
Cambridge University Press , 2009

This volume brings together a distinguished group of scholars working on Eastern Europe and the former Soviet Union to examine in depth three waves of democratic change that took place in eleven different former Communist nations. Its essays draw important conclusions about the rise, development, and breakdown of both democracy and dictatorship in each country and together provide a rich comparative perspective on the post-Communist world.

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Books

Advancing Democracy Abroad: Why We Should and How We Can

Michael A. McFaul
Rowman & Littlefield Publishers , 2009

After eight years of President Bush's trumpeting the virtues of promoting freedom and democracy abroad but achieving limited results, many Americans have grown suspicious of democratic development as a goal of American foreign policy. As a new administration reviews the role democratization will play in its foreign policy, distinguished Stanford University political scientist, Hoover Institution senior fellow, and former Director of CDDRL Michael McFaul calls for a reaffirmation of democracy's advance as a goal of U.S. foreign policy and sets out a radically new course to achieve it.

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Books

Promoting Democracy and the Rule of Law: American and European Strategies

Amichai Magen, Thomas Risse, Michael A. McFaul
Palgrave Macmillan , 2009

European and American experts systematically compare U.S. and EU strategies to promote democracy around the world -- from the Middle East and the Mediterranean, to Latin America, the former Soviet bloc, and Southeast Asia. In doing so, the authors debunk the pernicious myth that there exists a transatlantic divide over democracy promotion.

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Books

Promoting Democracy and the Rule of Law: American and European Strategies (Governance and Limited Statehood)

Amichai Magen, Michael A. McFaul, Thomas Risse
Palgrave McMillan Press , 2009

European and American experts systematically compare U.S. and EU strategies to promote democracy around the world -- from the Middle East and the Mediterranean, to Latin America, the former Soviet bloc, and Southeast Asia. In doing so, the authors debunk the pernicious myth that there exists a transatlantic divide over democracy promotion.

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Working Papers

Domestic and International Influences on the Collapse of the Soviet Union (1991) and Russia's Initial Transition to Democracy (1993)

Kathryn Stoner-Weiss, Michael McFaul
CDDRL Working Papers , 2009

Before the democracy promotion efforts of Iraq or Afghanistan in the early 21st century, there was the Soviet Union in the late 20th century. For much longer, and with much greater capacity than Saddam Hussein’s regime or the Taliban, the Soviet regime threatened the United States. The destruction of the Soviet regime and the construction of a pro-Western, democratic regime in its place, therefore, was a major objective of American foreign policy. Some presidents pursued this goal more vigorously than others: Nixon cared less, Reagan rather more.

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Working Papers

International Actors and Democratic Transitions: Ukraine 2004

Richard Youngs, Michael McFaul
CDDRL Working Papers , 2009
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Commentary

MFAN Transition Recommendation Strategies

Michael McFaul, Larry Diamond, Others
Modernizing Foreign Assistance Network (MFAN) , 2008
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Commentary

MFAN Open Letter to President-elect Obama

Michael McFaul, Larry Diamond, Others
Modernizing Foreign Assistance Network (MFAN) , 2008
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Testimonies

U.S.-Russia Relations in the Aftermath of the Georgia Crisis

Michael A. McFaul
U.S. House of Representatives, House Committee on Foreign Affairs , 2008

Russia's invasion of Georgia last month seriously undermined peace and security in Europe for the first time in years. Russia's military actions and subsequent decision to recognize South Ossetia and Abkhazia as independent states also represent a fundamental challenge to the norms and rules that help to promote order in the international system.

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Policy Briefs

Strategic Leadership: Framework for a 21st Century National Security Strategy

Michael A. McFaul, Anne-Marie Slaughter, Bruce W. Jentleson, Ivo H. Daalder, Antony J. Blinken, Lael Brainard, Kurt M. Campbell, James C. O'Brien, Gayle E. Smith, James B. Steinberg
Center for a New American Security Publications , 2008

The next president of the United States must forge a new national security strategy in a world marked by enormous tumult and change and at a time when America's international standing and strategic position are at an historic nadir. Many of our allies question our motives and methods; our enemies doubt American rhetoric and resolve. Now, more than at any time since the late 1940s, it is vital to chart a new direction for America's global role.

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Policy Briefs

New Day New Way: U.S. Foreign Assistance for the 21st Century

Michael A. McFaul, Larry Diamond, Steve Radelet, Gayle Smith, Brian Atwood, David Beckmann, Lael Brainard, Francis Fukuyama, George Ingram, Carol Lancaster, Charles MacCormack, Larry Nowels, Ray Offenheiser, Stewart Patrick, William Reese, Sam Worthington
Modernizing Foreign Assistance Network , 2008

U.S. foreign assistance—the rationale behind it, the amount we give, its orientation and organization—has changed dramatically in the last decade. These changes have challenged its efficacy but have also created new opportunities to modernize U.S. foreign assistance. The importance of supporting development and reducing poverty abroad are understood now as never before to be both moral imperatives and prerequisites for sustained U.S. national security.

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Commentary

The Fear Factor: Putin's Political Legacy

Michael McFaul
Newsweek , 2008

Yes, the Putin era was good for most Russians. But it could have been better. Russia's presidential vote on March 2 will be the least competitive election in Russia's post-Soviet history. The tragedy of the Putin era is that none of these autocratic reforms were needed to sustain economic growth, political stability or the president's popularity. In fact, more democracy - that is, an independent court system, real opposition parties and a robust independent media - would have helped to fight corruption, protect property and spur more growth

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Journal Articles

Morocco's Elections: The Limits of Limited Reforms

Michael McFaul, Tamara Wittes
Journal of Democracy , 2008

Morocco's experience suggests that expanded political liberty, especially freedom of association, can facilitate the emergence of multiple versions of political Islam, reducing the salience of a large, undifferentiated Islamist movement as an umbrella for oppositionist sentiment. The best means for containing potentially destabilizing discontent and promoting moderation among potentially antidemocratic forces are a pluralized political space and iterative free elections.

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Journal Articles

Myth of the Authoritarian Model, The

Michael A. McFaul, Kathryn Stoner-Weiss
Foreign Affairs , 2008
A growing conventional wisdom holds that Vladimir Putin's attack on democracy has brought Russia stability and prosperity -- providing a new model of successful market authoritarianism. But the correlation between autocracy and economic growth is spurious. Autocracy's effects in Russia have in fact been negative. Whatever the gains under Putin, they would have been greater under a democratic regime.
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Commentary

The Right Way to Engage Iran

Michael McFaul, Abbas Milani
The Washington Post , 2007
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Commentary

Small Democratic Step

Michael A. McFaul
Moscow Times , 2007
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Journal Articles

Ukraine Imports Democracy

Michael A. McFaul
International Security , 2007

The United States and the European Union spend roughly $1.5 billion per year on democracy promotion, but how effective are such external efforts? As the 2004 Orange Revolution in Ukraine demonstrates, for such efforts to succeed, local actors must want democratic change; foreign attempts to "export" democracy are likely to fail in the absence of domestic consumers. In the Ukraine case, external assistance played a direct, causal role in restricting some aspects of President Leonid Kuchma's power while increasing some aspects of the opposition's power.

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Commentary

Decoding messages in Maine

Michael A. McFaul
San Francisco Chronicle , 2007
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Testimonies

Russia: Rebuilding the Iron Curtain

Michael A. McFaul
House Committee on Foreign Relations , 2007

As an eternal optimist, I have for decades been one of those who believed that Russia could make the transition from communism to democracy, a development which in turn would help to integrate Russia into to the West. In the long run, I am still certain of this eventual outcome. In the short run, however, it is obvious that President Putin is building a more autocratic regime, an internal process that in turn has strained Russia's relations with the West.

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Journal Articles

Third Way, A: normalizing relations will help both sides

Michael McFaul, Abbas Milani
Boston Review , 2007

Recent developments in Iran have convinced advocates of both softer arms-control approaches and more hard-line regime-change strategies that their analyses are correct and their policy prescriptions are working. The arms-controllers see a Tehran more willing to negotiate; the regime-changers see increasing repression. Though evidence for both claims can be marshaled, neither offers balanced insight into Iranian behavior or a sensible strategy for breaking the decades-long impasse in U.S.-Iranian relations.

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Journal Articles

Constructing Self-Enforcing Federalism in the Early United States and Modern Russia

Rui J. P. Figueiredo, Jr., Michael McFaul, Barry R. Weingast
Publius , 2007

All federal systems face the two fundamental dilemmas of federalism: too strong a center risks overawing the subnational units; and too weak a center risks free-riding that makes the system fall apart. Resolving the two dilemmas is problematic because mitigating one dilemma exacerbates the other. We develop a model of federal institutions that shows the circumstances under which both dilemmas can be solved so that federal institutions are self-enforcing.

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Journal Articles

Liberal Is as Liberal Does

Michael A. McFaul
The American Interest , 2007

This article responds to the "Russian Enigma," a series of essays that ran in the November/December 2006 issue of The American Interest. The authors of those essays agree that liberalism in Russia is on its last legs. As to why liberalism in Russia has faltered, however, they differ. Their fears about the consequences of liberalism's failure also range considerably. Who's right?

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