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Middle East and North Africa

Scholarly Publications

Examining humanitarian principles in changing warfare

February 2018

Violence in war must have a limit. Those who are not participating in the hostilities should be protected to prevent war from sinking into barbarity.

The Mosul Trauma Response A Case Study

February 2018

The Battle of Mosul was one of the largest urban sieges since World War II.

States in the Developing World

March 2017

"What should states in the developing world do and how should they do it? How have states in the developing world addressed the challenges of promoting development, order, and inclusion?

Other Publications

Reforming the Entrepreneurship Ecosystem in Post-Revolutionary Egypt and Tunisia

April 2014

Ongoing upheaval in Egypt and Tunisia since the 2011 revolutions indicates high levels of dissatisfaction with the political order, and expresses a deep desire for a drastic remodeling of the...

Understanding the Entrepreneurship Ecosystem in Tunisia and Egypt

December 2013

Why has private entrepreneurship in Egypt and Tunisia remained underdeveloped despite decades of economic liberalization and private sector-friendly incentives and reforms?


Francis Fukuyama: China’s ‘bad emperor’ returns

March 2018

"Since 1978, China’s authoritarian political system has been different from virtually all other dictatorships in part because the ruling Communist Party has been subject to rules regarding...

Francis Fukuyama: Democracy Needs Elites

March 2018

CDDRL Mosbacher director Francis Fukuyama spoke with Alexander Görlach for The WorldPost about U.S. President Donald Trump, the populist wave sweeping Europe and “fake news.” Read here.

Why is Iran Protesting?

February 2018

"Protests in Iran have erupted over the past few weeks as citizens from across the country have taken to the streets to voice their opposition against the government.


Global Populisms: A Threat to Democracy?

November 1, 2017

THIS EVENT IS AT THE CAPACITY AND CLOSED.  Conference ProgramFRIDAY, NOVEMBER 38:45-10:30  Panel 1: Populism as a Threat — Chaired by Anna Grzymala-BusseSheri Berman, Professor of Political Science...

Whatever Happened to the Arab Spring?

October 4, 2017

Cosponsored by The Abbasi Program in Islamic Studies Abstract:Half a decade after Arabs across the Middle East poured into the streets to demand change, hopes for democracy have disappeared in a...

A Conversation with Larry Diamond and Mohamed Abubakr

May 3, 2017

Join Hillel at Stanford and Stanford in Government as Mohamed Abubakr shares his perspective on the global refugee crisis.


Program on Human Rights

The Program on Human Rights (PHR) at Stanford’s Center on Democracy, Development and the Rule of Law (CDDRL) will be phasing out its program in 2015 with the retirement of PHR’s Director Helen...

Leadership Academy for Development Workshops

The Leadership Academy for Development (LAD) trains government officials and business leaders from developing countries to help the private sector be a constructive force for economic growth and...

LAD Case Studies

The case studies below are integral teaching tools for the Leadership Academy for Development workshops conducted around the world.


Frightened masses are easy to manipulate

November 2016

The Q&A with Bassem Youssef, CDDRL visiting scholar, on media, comedy, and politics in the U.S and the Middle East. 

A Vibrant Public Sphere: A Key to Arab Democracy?

November 2015

Belabbes Benkredda is an award-winning social innovator, open debate advocate and the founder of the Munathara Initiative, the Arab world’s only online and television debate forum open to anyone.

CDDRL Seminar Series Event Media

April 2015

The CDDRL weekly research seminar draws scholars and practitioners to the Center to comment on the most relevant and timely topics impacting the field of democracy, development, and the rule of law.


Lisa Blaydes Senior Fellow Associate Professor, Political Science
Marcel Fafchamps Senior Fellow Professor, by courtesy, Economics
Abbas Milani Adjunct Professor Research Fellow, Hoover Institution
Stephen D. Krasner Senior Fellow Professor, Political Science, Senior Fellow, Hoover Institution
Francis Fukuyama Senior Fellow
Larry Diamond Senior Fellow Senior Fellow, Hoover Institution
Hesham Sallam Research Scholar
Jessie Brunner Research Assistant, PHR
Sarina Beges-Thysen Associate Director, CDDRL